Mathematics
Grade6
Easy

Question

5 x to the power of 2 end exponent plus 4 y to the power of 2 end exponent plus 10 x to the power of 2 end exponent minus 4 y to the power of 2 end exponent

  1. 15x2    
  2. 16x2    
  3. 8y2    
  4. 4y2    

Hint:

This is an algebraic expression. An algebraic expression consists of two components: a variable and a constant. A variable is a quantity that doesn’t have any fixed value. It takes value according to the conditions. It is denoted by the alphabet. A constant is a quantity with a fixed value. In this question, we are given an expression. We have perform the required operations and find the final value.

The correct answer is: 15x2


    The given expression is 5x2+ 4y2+ 10x2– 4y2
    There are two variables in the above expression. The variables are: ‘x’ and ‘y’. There are four terms in the above expression. We have to perform the operations between them and find the right answer.
    If we see, the first and third terms contain x raised to power two. And the second and fourth terms contains y raised to power 2. Such terms with the same variables or same variables raised to same power are called “like terms.” And the terms with different variables are called “unlike terms.”
    For like terms, we can perform the operations between their coefficients by keeping the variable constant. It means we can treat each term as a constant and perform operations like normal operations on constants.
    For the above expression, we can perform an operation between the first and third terms as they have the same variable ‘x^2’. And the second and fourth term as they have the same variable ‘y^2’, so we can perform the operation directly.
    Let’s rearrange the terms to bring the like terms together.
    5x2+ 4y2 + 10x2– 4y2 =( 5+10)x+ (4-4)y2
    For first bracket, we will keep x^2 constant and add 5 and 10. For second bracket we will keep y^ 2 constant. And subtract 4 from 4.
    5x2 + 4y2+ 10x2– 4y2 =(15)x2 + (0)y2
    =15x2
          
     Therefore, the value of the equation is 15x2
    So option which is ’15x2', is the right option.

    We have to be careful about the powers of the variables too. The terms with same variable having same power are only operated with each other.

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