Physics-
General
Easy

Question

The spectrum of a black body at two temperatures 27 ℃ and 327 ℃ is shown in the figure. Let A subscript 1 end subscript and A subscript 2 end subscript be the areas under the two curves respectively. The value of fraction numerator A subscript 2 end subscript over denominator A subscript 1 end subscript end fraction is

  1. 1 : 16    
  2. 4 : 1    
  3. 2 : 1    
  4. 16 : 1    

The correct answer is: 16 : 1


    Area under given curve represents emissive power and emissive power proportional to T to the power of 4 end exponent rightwards double arrow A proportional to T to the power of 4 end exponent
    rightwards double arrow fraction numerator A subscript 2 end subscript over denominator A subscript 1 end subscript end fraction equals fraction numerator T subscript 2 end subscript superscript 4 end superscript over denominator T subscript 1 end subscript superscript 4 end superscript end fraction equals fraction numerator open parentheses 273 plus 327 close parentheses to the power of 4 end exponent over denominator open parentheses 273 plus 27 close parentheses to the power of 4 end exponent end fraction equals open parentheses fraction numerator 600 over denominator 300 end fraction close parentheses to the power of 4 end exponent equals fraction numerator 16 over denominator 1 end fraction

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