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What Was The Industrial Revolution?

May 15, 2024
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Consider how your life might be if there were no machines to do the work for you. It is hard to imagine, right? As you look around you right now, multiple machines around you make your everyday life much easier.  

Let us now picture past generations. How did they go about their day-to-day lives, from having their daily meals to just enjoying life? It is tough to imagine.

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The ease of your everyday life has increased, all thanks to the Industrial Revolution. Let us learn more about the Industrial Revolution and when and where it began.

What Was The Industrial Revolution?

The Industrial Revolution started in the early 19th century in Britain and included ironworks, textile mills, and other inventions—its origin dates back two centuries. Soon after, even the other continents and the United States were not left behind. 

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Finally, there was a series of industrial revolutions and huge technological progress from the last quarter of the eighteenth century to the middle of the nineteenth century, which was precisely called the Industrial Revolution. At that time, numerous machines and devices were created, manufacturing and production techniques were developed, and workers shifted from manual labor to machine work.

Whereas the US Industrial Revolution, identical to the Second Industrial Revolution, signifies all the technological inventions and manufacturing innovations developed from the 1870s to the end of World War II, and it is also closely linked with the Gilded Age. At that time, new forms of transportation, such as trains, cars, and airplanes, were introduced. At the same time, the mechanization of factories and agriculture was beginning to emerge.

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Why Did the Industrial Revolution Start, Particularly in Britain?

Because coal was abundant in Britain and labor was relatively inexpensive, the prospect of profit for investors and inventors alike was attractive when it came to the development of coal-powered machinery that reduced the need for labor.

  • It possessed raw material banks from the British crown’s territories.
  • Its sophisticated banking system encouraged affluent people to invest in infrastructure and in anyone wishing to start their enterprise
  • It had the facilities required to produce textiles
  • It promoted fresh innovations and scientific breakthroughs
  • It was politically stable at the time
  • High literacy rates

What Caused the Industrial Revolution?

Historians agree that the following were the most crucial elements that contributed to the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain: 

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European Imperialism

Europe ruled large nations worldwide during the so-called Age of Imperialism. Great Britain occupied large swathes of land due to factors such as increased population, fast economic growth, and a renewed sense of nationalism. The European empire made the means to begin mass-producing products and services available. 

Agricultural Revolution

In Britain, the Industrial Revolution began with the Agricultural Revolution in the eighteenth century. Food output increased as a result of improved cattle breeding and new farming methods. As a result, there was an increase in population and improved health. Additionally, the enclosure movement was sparked by the new farming methods.

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Capitalism

The capitalist economies and the Industrial Revolution evolved together. In order to boost productivity and profitability, business owners, or capitalists, implemented a division of labor and central labor organization into factories. Capitalist production encouraged technological advancement and invention at a rate never seen before, in contrast to the craft and guild systems that came before it. 

What Was The Impact of The Industrial Revolution?

The Industrial Revolution brought about a large-scale impact on social and economic structure.

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Mass Production And Population Growth

The Industrial Revolution saw a sharp increase in urbanization as a result of the new machinery. This created new avenues for people to travel to these locations and find employment in factories (common jobs included working as a laborer in textile factories, coal mining, working in a cotton mill, or working in iron production).

International Trade

An unparalleled surge in international trade accompanied the Industrial Revolution. Britain’s high-income, low-energy economy was born out of successful international trade, which also catalyzed the Industrial Revolution. The desire for technology increased as a result of high pay and inexpensive energy, which replaced labor with capital and energy.

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London’s population doubled again in the eighteenth century as a result of increased trade with the American colonies and India, which also caused Scottish and provincial cities to develop even faster. 

Women’s Rights

The roles that women played in society changed significantly during the Industrial Revolution. Many women entered the workforce as industrial workers or domestic servants, replacing their previous roles as homemakers. For many women, this change resulted in a renewed sense of financial independence and autonomy.

Conclusion

Global history was altered by the migration to cities and brilliant inventions that reduced costs and increased accessibility for clothes, communication, and transportation for the general public. The Industrial Revolution is the reason that you see the advent of urbanization and machines around you. Your life, as you know it, is highly likely because of the Industrial Revolution. Turito is the ultimate resource for major competitive exams and lets you ace various subjects.  

FAQs

Which innovations from the Industrial Revolution were the most significant?

The steam engine, which powers steam locomotive, factory machinery, electric generators and motors, the telegraph and telephone, light bulbs, and the internal combustion engine and automobile—whose mass production was mastered by Henry Ford in the early 20th century—were among the significant inventions of the Industrial Revolution.

What are some drawbacks of the Industrial Revolution?

Increased social disparity, climate change, environmental pollution, and exploitation of workers are a few of the cons of the Industrial Revolution.

Who gave the Industrial Revolution its name?

European intellectuals Friedrich Engels in Germany and Georges Michelet in France coined the term “Industrial Revolution.” Arnold Toynbee, an economist and philosopher, was the first to use it in English.

Who is considered the Father of the Industrial Revolution in America?

Samuel Slater is generally acknowledged as the Father of the Industrial Revolution in the United States because he introduced British means and methods for industrial production. 

Industrial Revolution

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