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Parts of Plants-Structure and Functions

Aug 19, 2022
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Key Concepts

  • Plants
  • Parts of a plant
  • Functions of different parts of a plant

 

Introduction: 

Plants are an important part of nature and can survive on land and underwater. We get many things from the plants that are very useful, such as food, paper, wood, etc. 

Plants

 Our food mostly comes from plants like fruits, vegetables, cereals, pulses, etc. 

Explanation: 

Plants are quite similar to humans and, just like humans, have different body parts performing different functions. Similarly, plants do have different parts performing different functions.  

Humans' body parts and plants parts

Parts of a Plant:  

The parts of plants include the fruit, root, stem, leaf, and flower.  

parallel
Structure of a plant

 Can you identify the parts of a plant in the image?  

Labelled structure of a plant

The part of a plant that we can see above the ground is called the shoot, and the part of a plant below the soil is called the root. 

Root and shoot system

Functions of Plant Parts: 

Roots 

The roots hold the plant in place in the soil and absorb nutrients and water. Roots also store food and provide support to the plant.  

Roots 

A few examples of edible roots are potatoes, carrots, and turnips. 

Potato
Potato
Carrot
Carrot
Carrot turnips
Carrot turnips

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Stem 

The stem moves water up the plant. It brings food and water to the leaves. It can be green or brown and can be thin and thick. 

Stem support the branches, flowers, leaves, and fruits. 

Stem 

A few examples of some stems that we eat are asparagus, sugarcane, etc.  

Asparagus
Asparagus
 Sugarcane
Sugarcane

          

Leaves 

The leaves soak up the rays of the sun and help the plant make food. Green leaves prepare food for the plant through the process of photosynthesis.  

  

10 Leaves absorbing light

 Leaves can be of different shapes, sizes, and textures.  

A few examples of leaves that we eat are spinach, lettuce, and cabbage.  

  Spinach
Spinach
Lettuce
Lettuce
   Cabbage
Cabbage

Flower 

These are the most attractive parts of the plant. Each flower has a different color, physical structure, and fragrance. Flowers make the seeds of a plant and provide pollen to insects. 

 Flowers

The petals of a flower attract insects such as butterflies and bees to pollinate the plant. 

Insect Pollinating Flower 

Can we eat these?  

Some flowers are edible, such as hibiscus, cauliflower, etc.  

Hibiscus
Hibiscus
Cauliflower
Cauliflower

          

Fruits 

It is a fleshy or dry ripened part of a plant enclosing the seeds. Fruit is part of a flowering plant that protects the seeds by covering them. Fruits are the edible part of the plant. 

Fruits 

Summary

  • Plants are an important part of nature and can survive on land and underwater.
  • The part of plants includes the fruit , room , stem , leaf and flower.
  • Roots help hold the plant in place.
  • The stem brings water and food to the leaves.

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