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Factors for Plants Growth: Sunlight and Photosynthesis

Grade 2
Aug 20, 2022

Key Concepts 

  • Water affecting plants 
  • Water absorbed by plants 
  • Transpiration 
  • Photosynthesis 



Plants get their energy from the sun. Plants cannot eat food like us. They use solar energy to make their food. Plants make a sugar called glucose.  

Without the sun, plants cannot get the food they need to grow, reproduce, and survive. 



Sunlight for plants

The sun’s light energy provides the much-needed nutrients to plants that help in the growth of plants. The light from the sun is an important part of stimulating the growth of any plant, be it in the desert or forest. 

Needs of a Plant 

All the plants require space to grow, the right temperature, light, water, air, and nutrients. These factors affect the growth of the plant most.  

Plant Needs 

Space: Both the roots and leaves need space to grow. The leaves need space so the sunlight can get to them, and the roots need space to absorb water and nutrients. 

Plants need space 


Temperature: All the plants need the right temperature at the right time in their life cycle to grow. 

Light: Photosynthesis is the process through which plants convert solar energy into energy that they can use. 


Water: Water carries essential nutrients from the soil to the plant tissues. 

Air: Plants need air to make food. 

Nutrients: Plants need nutrients to grow, germinate, fight off pests, and reproduce. 

Nutrients for Plants

Importance of light for plants 

Let’s perform an experiment to check if plants really do need light. 

  • Take two potted plants. 
  • Tape foil over all the leaves of one of the potted plants. 
  • Place both plants in a sunny location and water them when needed. 
  • After a week, remove the aluminum foil from the leaves.  
Two potted plants

What will you observe? 

You will observe that the plant not covered with foil paper looks healthy, whereas the covered plant looks wilted because plants need sunlight to survive. 

Healthy and Wilted Plant 

Just like we need to stay warm, plants need a warm temperature. Light keeps plants warm and helps make food for the plants through photosynthesis.  


Plants don’t eat food as humans and animals do. They get their energy from the sun. 

The word photosynthesis is separated into two smaller words, “Photo” and “Synthesis.” 


The process by which green plants use sunlight to make their own food is called photosynthesis.  

It is necessary for plants. Without this process, there would be no green plants, and without green plants, there would be no animals. 

This process takes place in the leaves of plants. 

Photosynthesis requires water, sunlight, and carbon dioxide gas. 

Process of Photosynthesis 

During photosynthesis, green plants use the sun’s energy to change water and carbon dioxide into a sugar called glucose.  

Plants use glucose for energy. 

Do you know about carbon dioxide and glucose?  

Carbon dioxide is a gas that plant takes from the atmosphere mainly through their leaves. 

Glucose is a sugar that plants use as food to help them stay alive and grow. 

Role of Glucose and Carbon dioxide 



  • The plant needs sunlight to grow.
  • Plants get their energy from the sun.
  • All the plants require space to grow, the right temperature, light, water, air, and nutrients.
  • Green plants use sunlight to make their food, and this process is called photosynthesis.
  • Without photosynthesis, there would be no green plants, and without plants, there would be no animals.
  • The process of photosynthesis takes place in the leaves of a plant.
Sunlight and Photosynthesis


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