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Introduction to Matter: Explanation and Examples

Grade 3
Aug 19, 2022


Look at the objects around you, some objects are lighter, and some are heavier. There are some objects which are of solids like pen and pencil. You might have also seen liquids like water and juices. Whatever we breathe is a gas, which cannot be seen with our naked eyes. 


Every object, whether it is solid, liquid or gas, are a form of matter. So, by this, we can say anything surrounding you is made of matter. 


Now we are going to learn “What is matter? 

When we touch any object or a substance and we feel the touch, that object or substance is nothing but matter. The matter is anything that has mass and takes up space and volume. 

We all know that any object will take up some space on its own. Mass is nothing but how much matter does an object have in it. Different states of matter have different volumes in the same way each different object has different masses. 

Different Volumes
Different Mass 2

If we don’t even see the gas present in the atmosphere and how the gas objects are made is a matter. 


  1. Take one big ball and one small ball of different sizes. 
  1. Place these two balls on two hands. Both balls are having mass and take up some space. 
  1. As one ball is big, it has more mass and as the other ball is small, its mass is less.  
  1. The bigger ball which has more mass will take more space and small ball will have less mass and has lesser space. 
Ball 2

Examples of matter: 

  1. We all see the ball which is round in shape and it has the mass and occupies space. The color of the ball is yellow. So, we can say that the ball is a matter. 
Ball 3

When we take a pencil, it is of rectangular shape and has mass and occupies the space. So, we can say that pencil is a matter.



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