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Plant Life Cycle – Different Stages and Details

Grade 3
Jun 15, 2023

Plant Life Cycle


All living things have a life cycle. A life cycle is the development and growth stages of living things.

Different stages of Plants and Humans

Just like other animals and humans, plants have a life cycle.

Let’s discuss the life cycle of plants in detail.

Explanation of Plant Life Cycle

The life cycle of a plant describes different stages from the beginning of its life until the end, from seed to mature plant.

Plant Life Cycle
Plant Life Cycle

Different Stages of Plant Life Cycle

The stages of the plant life cycle include:

stages of the plant life cycle
Different stages of Plant
  1. Seed
  2. Germination
  3. Seedling
  4. Adult plant
  5. Pollination
  6. Seed dispersal

1. Seed

The small parts produced by plants from which new plants grow is called a seed.

The life cycle of a plant starts with a seed.

The life cycle of a plant starts with a seed

Every plant, from the tallest tree to the smallest blade of grass, begins the same way with a seed. 

When these seeds are buried and given the right conditions, they turn into plants. 


2. Germination

The next stage is germination.

Once the seed finds the right combination of water, soil, and light, it begins to germinate. 

When a seed starts germinating, it begins to grow and starts the process of making a new plant.


3. Seedling

The next stage is seedling.

A very young plant that grows after germination.

It starts growing towards the sunlight. 

Plants need sunlight, air, nutrients, and water to survive and grow. 


4. Adult Plant

When a plant becomes mature, it starts to grow in a flowering plant, and flowers produce seeds.

A mature plant has leaves, roots, stems, flowers, and fruits.

Adult plant

5. Pollination

It plays an important role in the life cycle of a plant.

Flowers use pollen to make seeds through a process called pollination.

Pollen is transferred by pollinators such as butterflies, birds, bees, or even wind.


When a butterfly or other insect land on a flower, the dust of pollen stick to its legs. As the butterflies fly to the next plant, it transfers pollen to the other plant, called pollination.

6. Seed Dispersal

Seed dispersal refers to the process through which seeds get away from the parent plant to a new place.

Seed dispersal
Seed dispersal

Finally, seeds get scattered or dispersed to new places, and the plant life cycle starts again.

Seeds can get spread by animals, wind, and water.

Plant life cycle


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