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Adjective

Aug 30, 2022
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A word that is used to describe or point out the nouns, which may be a person, place, animal, or thing, or to tell the number or quantity, is called an adjective.  

For example, in the sentence, Katie is a clever girl, the noun Katie is described as clever. Since the word clever is used to describe Katie, it is the adjective in the sentence. 

More examples: 

  • Ryan is an honest man. 
  • Your puppy is cute
  • This is an entertaining movie

The types of adjectives are:  

  • Adjectives of Quality (Descriptive Adjectives) 
  • Adjectives of Quantity 
  • Adjectives of Number (Numeral Adjectives) 
  • Demonstrative Adjectives 
  • Interrogative Adjectives 
  • Possessive Adjectives 

Adjectives of Quality: 

Adjectives of quality, also known as Descriptive Adjectives, are used to show the kind or quality of a person or a thing, like: 

  • New York is a large city. 
  • Damien is an irritating person. 
  • That was an expensive gift. 
  • Sophie is a wonderful individual. 

There is another type of adjective that is classed with Adjectives of Quality. Adjectives are sometimes formed from proper nouns like French wine, Indian tea, Victorian attitude, etc. They are called Proper Adjectives

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We can find out if the given adjective is an Adjective of Quality if it answers the question: Of what kind? 

More examples: 

  • You are a terrible person. 
  • This is a gloomy day. 
  • The play was boring

Adjectives of Quantity: 

Adjectives of Quality are the ones that show how much of a thing is meant, like: 

  • I had some chicken. 
  • She showed much patience. 
  • We did enough planning. 
  • John has lost all his money. 
  • David has no sense. 
  • Mary did not eat any meal. 
  • You should take great care of your health. 
  • There has been sufficient rain this year. 

We can find out if the given adjective is an Adjective of Quantity if it answers the question: How much? 

Adjectives of Number:  

Adjectives of Number, also known as Numeral Adjectives, give us the idea about how many people or things are intended or in what order the noun is used. 

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  • I have two cars. 
  • Greta has three kittens. 
  • Few boys liked the reading session. 
  • There are no twists in this story. 
  • All men must die. 
  • Sunday is the first day of the week. 
  • My guide has taught me many things. 

We can find out if the given adjective is an Adjective of Number if it answers the question: How many? 

Adjectives of Numbers are further divided into three types: 

  1. Definite Numeral Adjectives: 

They denote an exact number, like one, two, three, etc., which are called cardinals, and first, second, third, etc. which are called ordinals

  1. Indefinite Numeral Adjectives: 

All, no, many, few, some, any, certain, several, etc. are the indefinite numeral adjectives as they do not denote an exact number. 

  1. Distributive Numeral Adjectives: 

They indicate the singular number of a noun among many nouns, like: 

  • Each student must take his or her turn. 
  • The school expects every person to do their duty. 
  • Either answer will do. 
  • Neither accusation is true. 

Demonstrative Adjectives: 

Demonstrative Adjectives simply point out which person or thing is meant, like: 

  • This car is expensive than Ferrari. 
  • That girl is industrious. 
  • These apples are rotten. 
  • Those books are mine. 
  • I was in such a hurry. 
  • I like such players. 

We can find out if the given adjective is a Demonstrative Adjective if it answers the question: Which? 

Interrogative Adjectives: 

When words like what, which and whose are used with nouns to raise questions, they are called Interrogative Adjectives

Examples: 

  • What kind of a person is he? 
  • Which route should we take? 
  • Whose wallet is this? 

Possessive Adjectives: 

When words like my, our, your, his, her, its, their, are used before the noun to indicate its possession or to tell who owns it, they are called Possessive Adjectives

Examples: 

  • This is my chair. 
  • Who is your friend? 
  • Welcome to our home. 
  • You cannot do this to their child. 
  • Those are her books. 
  • The dog cares very much for its offspring. 
  • You must return him his money. 

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