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Grade 9
Sep 5, 2022

The purpose of an argument is to either change other people’s point of view or convince others to accept a new point of view. 

Critical thinking means being able to make good arguments. 

  • Arguments are claims backed by reasons that are supported by evidence.  
  • Claims are statements about what is true or good or about what should be done or believed. Claims are potentially arguable

Arguments are divided into four general components:

  • Claim
  • Reason
  • Support
  • Warrant

A counter-argument is an argument opposed to your thesis or part of your thesis. It expresses the view of a person who disagrees with your position (Oldham). 

A rebuttal is when you respond directly to your opponent’s argument/point to explain/show how/why they are wrong. 


Structure of an argument consists of:

  • Confirmation
  • Concession
  • Refutation

Argumentative techniques make writing more persuasive and effective. 

These techniques are:

  • Focus and Emphasis
  • Point Counterpoint
arguments (1)


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