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What are Complete Subject and Predicate?

Class 4
Jun 9, 2023

Complete Subject and Predicate

  • We can divide the sentence into two parts.
  • They are the complete subject and the complete predicate.

What is a Complete Subject?

It consists of all the words that tell who/what the sentence is about.

The beautiful tall girl sat near the window.

Complete subject: The beautiful tall girl

What is a Complete Predicate?

  • It includes the verb and all the words that tell what happened in the sentence.

The beautiful tall girl sat near the window.

Complete predicate: sat near the window.


What is a Simple Subject?

  • It is the thing/animal/person that does the action.
  • It is the noun/pronoun found within the complete subject.

The beautiful tall girl sat near the window.

Simple subject: girl

What is a Simple Predicate?

  • It is the action done by the subject.
  • It is the verb found within the complete predicate.

The beautiful tall girl sat near the window.

Simple predicate: sat

  • So, all the words in a sentence either belong to the complete subject or complete predicate.


  • Tina | wrote a mail to her colleague.
  • Shonda’s dog | kept barking all night.

How to Avoid Confusion

  • There could be words or phrases between the simple subject and the simple predicate.
  • Thus, we must decide whether the phrase describes the subject or the predicate.
  • Tiffany Gibbons, a college student | will be Shane’s new tutor. (a college student describes Tiffany)
  • The lawyer | later explained how the accident occurred. (latertells when she explained)
  • Look for inverted sentences or sentences with adverb prepositional phrases.

Note: An adverb modifies a verb, adverb, or adjective.


  • During the heavy rain, our electricity | went out. (The adverb prepositional phrase, During the heavy rain, is part of the predicate even though it is at the beginning of the sentence.)

Complete Subject: Our electricity

Complete Predicate: During the heavy rain………….Went out.

Complete subject and predicate


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