Need Help?

Get in touch with us


Elements of A Poem

Grade 6
Aug 29, 2022

Poetry is writing that frequently makes use of rhythm and sharp approaches to communicating sentiments and thoughts. 

Elements of the poem incorporate figurative speech, imagery, rhythm, alliteration, mood, stanza, density, and rhyme. We will examine every one of the above components independently. They work together to draw out the ideal significance and feel in poetry. 

1. Figurative Language/Speech 

The first of a few components of poetry is metaphorical language. This is the utilization of words in another way and phrasing to make a text express complex importance. 

Metaphor depicts an article or an activity such that it isn’t in a real sense valid, however, makes it simple to draw a correlation and propose a clarification utilizing a figure of speech. 

E.g., Laughter is the best medicine. 


The above assertion in strict structure implies that laughing is a medication that heals ailment, yet the supposed significance is to pass the message that all together go on to have a sound mental life, one ought to have among numerous human characteristics, laughter. 

Irony is one more figure of speech that is generally utilized in poetry; this is the utilization of a language that is the in poetry with an aim of communicating a clever impact in an explanation. 

In poetry, one more typical saying is the utilization of likenesses while composing. Similes contrast two things to make sense of thought in any writing. 

E.g., As brave as a lion. 

The above model can be utilized to show that an individual is gallant on account of the courageous nature of a lion portrayed in any story with lions. 


2. Imagery/ Symbolism 

It is a component of poetry that makes any piece of poetry fascinating and alluring. This is the way a whole poem is made to make pictures in the reader’s mind. During the development of stanzas in a poem, imagery is utilized to portray something or a thought in the reader’s mind. 

Symbolism can be characterized as the inventive utilization of words to make an impression, an inclination, or put a thought in a reader’s mind by including and setting off their creative sense. The utilization of pictures in poetry will assist a poem with engaging the reader such that they can in a real sense be essential for the poem. There are five fundamental kinds of symbolism, they incorporate: 

Visual symbolism is usually utilized in writing to cause the reader to envision a situation being portrayed in the text. 

  • Auditory symbolism is the utilization of words that connect with the hearing sense. 
  • Olfactory symbolism depicts the scent of lifeless things, a place, a creature, or an individual. 
  • Gustatory symbolism is when a writer utilizes words that connect with the feeling of taste. 
  • Material symbolism empowers a writer to utilize explicit words.  This is by utilizing the right words to portray the feeling of touch. 

Symbolism makes a text substantial and concrete to a reader. 

1. Rhythm 

Most artists focus on having a rhythm in their poems to make a repetitive example. This can be created by utilizing rhyming words. Rhyming words might make the regular or irregular mood. Rhythm is a component of the poem that makes a decent and innovative poetry. Having rhythm in poetry adds to the general construction of a poem. Rhythm makes a pattern in which the entire poem streams in. One more significance of having a rhythm is that it assists with the word decisions of a poem. 

There are five types in it: 

The first and most normal sort of rhythm is the iamb. It can likewise be alluded to as the iambic pentameter. This sort of rhythm includes the utilization of two syllables, stressed and non-stressed syllables. The main syllable isn’t stressed on, and the subsequent syllable is stressed. 

Trochee is a sort of rhythm that is ordinarily utilized. This is something contrary to iamb since it includes the stressing of the primary syllable and not focusing on the subsequent syllable. 

Spondee is where there are two syllables, and both are stressed. 

Dactyl is one more sort of rhythm utilized in poetry. This is where the main syllable is stressed on, then the remaining two are not. 

Anapaest rhythm is something contrary to dactyl on the grounds that the initial two syllables are stressed on, and the last syllable isn’t. 

2. Alliteration 

It is the redundancy of consonant sounds in an arrangement of words toward the start of a word or a focused syllable. The primary justification for why you ought to involve alliteration usage in poetry is to make the poem sound quite appealing to the reader. It likewise assists with serious areas of strength for offering when you give close consideration to the syllable stress. 

While composing a poem, you use redundancy of initial sounds in a progression of words, it is alluded to as general alliteration. 

Consonance is a kind of alliteration utilized in poetry. Consonance alludes to the repetition of consonant sounds in a sentence. 

Assonance is the third kind of alliteration usage. Whenever vowels are repeated toward the start, the middle, and at the last of a sentence, a consistent beat pattern is made referred to as assonance. 

The fourth and last kind of alliteration is unvoiced alliteration/sibilance. This is the kind of alliteration that can’t be voiced. This can plainly be perceived by utilizing examples. 

Paul was poked with a purple pterodactyl’. 

You can note in the above statement that ‘p’ in the last word cannot be voiced. It is a silent letter; this makes it an unvoiced alliteration. 

3. Tone 

Tone in poetry is another incredible component. In any poem that you are composing, it is critical to know the tone that the speaker will convey. The tone of a poem is otherwise called the mood of the poem. Mood in a poem helps engage the reader, making an emotional knowledge of what the person is feeling; it additionally assists them with framing a connection to the poem. Without a mood in a poem, it is difficult for the readers to figure out the deeper meaning of it. 

Mood in poems incorporate happy, reflective, gloomy, hilarious, heartfelt, despairing qualities. You can set the mood of the poem by the utilization of tone and theme of a poem. 

Merry and blissful moods should be communicated by depictions of laughs, splendid tones, and decent scents. 

A comical mood in any poetic setting can be conveyed by making the character to do amusing things. This mood can be utilized to ridicule circumstances. 

Melancholy is a miserable mood.  It is an emotional mood that makes a connection to the person in the poem. 

If you have any desire to show a romantic mood, you can do this by making a delightful and splendid topic in your poem.  

4. Stanza 

A stanza is the primary structure of a poem. A set of lines connected with each other to convey a similar idea. While composing a poem, each stanza has its own intention. Stanzas are vital in poetry since they assist you with knowing what kind of poem you are composing or reading. They additionally help to separate a poem on a page. Words and thoughts can likewise be remarkably coordinated by your own plan or message that you are attempting to convey. Stanzas are organized by patterns of a poem. Stanzas are categorized by the quantity of lines they have. 

  • A stanza that is comprised of two lines is known as a couplet
  • Three-line stanza is known as a tercet
  • Quatrain is a stanza with four lines. 
  • A Quintain is a stanza that is made of five lines 
  • Sestet is a stanza that is comprised of six lines. 
  • A stanza that is comprised of seven lines is known as a septet
  • A stanza with eight lines is called an octave

5. Density 

How do artists be able to share such a large amount of their considerations, utilizing just a limited number of words per line? Density makes poetry unique in relation to the typical discourse and compositions. As you depict a image, you’re intended to utilize allegorical language while following a specific sound and rhythm to cause a reader to feel a specific way. Regardless of whether you adjust to the customary language styles, the piece stays clear and justifiable enough to the typical reader.  

You can’t compel something to be dense. Restrict utilizing a metaphor in the event that it doesn’t exactly suit for the progression of your piece. In composing poetry, you will without a doubt have various drafts of your work before you end up with the last piece. This incorporates a thorough course of eliminating unnecessary items without impacting the logic of a poem. 

6. Rhyme 

Rhyme happens when at least two words in a poem have a comparative sound. An inner rhyme happens when words in a similar line of a poem rhyme while an end rhyme happens when the last words of lines in a poem rhyme. 

The general rhyme structure of a poem is known as a rhyme scheme. Rhyme scheme is demonstrated by a letter pattern, when an alternate letter pattern is presented, it implies the rhyme scheme of the poem has changed. 

Repetition and variety of rhyme helps to improvise the effectiveness of the rhyme scheme. While analysing a poem, repetition and variation are related as literary poetic devices. 


Beside utilizing fundamental words to share stories and contemplations, writers go to poetry so their readers can connect with it. In any case, poetry isn’t so exceptionally normal as it shows up, taking into account how there are explicit parts that should be consolidated towards one’s piece. These parts hope to be a tremendous part in  significance, sound, and plan of the poem. So, when you ponder drafting your poem, attempt to have these elements as a fundamental concern. 


Related topics


Exploring the World of Adjectives: Types, Usage, and Examples

What are Parts of Speech? Parts of speech determine words’ grammatical and semantic position in a sentence. Activity time The parts of speech are nouns, adverbs, conjunctions, pronouns, interjections, adjectives, articles, prepositions, and verbs. Identify the parts of speech of the underlined words in the following sentences. White- Adjective Big- Adjective    Exciting- Adjectives New- […]

Memoir writing

Memoir Writing: Basic Elements, Structures, and Types

Memoir: A memoir is a narrative written from an author’s perspective about a particular facet of his/her own life. ‘Memoir’ word comes from the French word ‘memoire’, which means ‘memory’ or ‘reminiscence’. Example Night: Elie Wiesel gives an account of how he survived his teenage years at Auschwitz and Buchenwald concentration camps during World War […]

Identifying the main idea

Identification of Main Idea in Fiction and Non-fiction

Every story or paragraph or non-fictional text has at least one main idea. The MAIN IDEA is what the text is mostly about. (It is backed up or supported by SUPPORTING DETAILS) Before discussing how to find the main idea, we shall first look at TOPIC. Can you define a topic? A topic can be […]

Writing an Article

Writing an Article: Structure and Essential Tips

What is an article? Structure of Article Writing : Title : Draw the attention of readers with an attractive title and indicate the main topic of the article Introduction : Attract the reader’s attention with a sentence that gives a general presentation of the topic. Main Body : Between these sentences, the body should do […]


Other topics