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Adverbs: Word Wizard – Hard and Soft ‘C’ and ‘G’ Sounds

Grade 7
May 30, 2023

What is Phonic?

Phonic is a method of learning to read. Phonics works by breaking up each word into its individual sound before blending those sounds back together to make the word.

The 44 English sounds can be divided into two major categories – consonants and vowels. A consonant sound is one in which the air flow is cut off, either partially or completely, when the sound is produced. In contrast, a vowel sound is one in which the air flow is unobstructed when the sound is made.

Activity Time

Identify and sort out the words into the correct category

Whale. Throw, Wheel, Three, Wheat, Where, Thirsty, While, Thigh, Third, White, Thirty.

Write down the Following in the given Order:

wh and th words



wh and th words

Why Is It Essential to Learn the Phonic Sounds?

Sometimes common sight words defy the rules (for example, girl and gift). In order to identify and have a firm understanding of basic sight words and phonics principles, we learn hard and soft “C” and “G” rules.

There are two ways to pronounce the two consonant letters: hard and soft. Examining how these sounds are pronounced precisely with Cs and Gs, as well as with other consonants, might be useful before revisiting pronunciation guidelines.

  • A hard sound typically resembles a click. A single breath produced the entire sound.
  • A soft sound is a prolonged sound produced by an ongoing breath.

Let’s Learn the Different Sounds of “c”

Hard “c”

When we say the word, the letter “C” generates the sound /K/. These are the hard sounds of the letter “C”.



  1. Car
  2. Crab
  3. Cat

Soft “c”

Soft “C” sounds are created when the letter “C” in words sounds like /S/.


  1. Circle
  2. Cent
  3. City

The rule: “C” sounds like a /S/ when “E,” “I,” and “Y” follow it. Otherwise, it represents /K/.


Center, Cereal, Circus, Cyclone, Cycle, Ace, Juice, Price, Recess, Space, Voice

Rules with Exceptions

We perceive a different sound when the letter “H” follows the letter “C” like /Ch/ sound.


  1. Chair
  2. Chain
  3. Chatter


The hard “C” sound /K/ and soft “C” /S/ sound words may appear in the first, mid-way or near to the end of the words.


  1. Price
  2. Recess
  3. Space
  4. Muscle
  5. Caesar
  6. Façade.

Let’s Learn the Different Sounds of “c”

What is a Hard g or Soft g?

What is a hard G, when should you use it, and what is a soft G, or when should you utilize the soft G sounds?

The two sounds—/G/ and /J/—can be produced by “G.”

Hard “g”

When the letter “G” appears in words, it produces the /G/ sound.


  1. Gas
  2. Gate

Soft “g”

When the letter “G” appears in words, the soft “G” produces the /J/ sound.


  1. Giraffe
  2. Gentle
  3. Germs

The rule is: The “G” sounds like a /J/ when “E,” “I,” and “Y” follow it; otherwise, it represents /G/.


  1. Gist
  2. Gym
  3. Gymnastics


The hard /G/ and Soft /J/ sound words may appear in the first, mid-way, or near to the end of the words.


  1. Angle
  2. Dragon
  3. Frog
  4. Cage
  5. Energy
  6. Engine

Let’s review several phonetic sounds now and then write words in the corresponding boxes.

Find the Words, Pronounce Them Correctly, and Then Write the Words in the Available Boxes

Cinema, Custard, Citrus, Centimeter, Cyclist, Crocodile, Cabbage, Concrete, Age, Bridge, Cage, Get, Girl, Gift, Give, Begin, Gill, Geese, Gild, Energy, Engine, Orange, Angel, Dragon.

Hard and Soft 'c' and 'g' Sounds

Hard and Soft 'c' and 'g' Sounds


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