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Literary Devices – 19 Essential Literary Devices

Grade 10
Sep 6, 2022

Literary Devices 

  1. Alliteration: Repetition of consonant sounds in successive stressed syllables 
  1. Allusion: Allusion is a literary or historical reference 
  1. Antanaclasis: Use of the same word or phrase to mean two different things 
  1. Assonance: Repetition of vowel sounds in nearby syllables to give a rhythmic effect to the text 
  1. Cacophony: Use of harsh and discordant sounding words to describe unpleasant events 
  1. Consonance: Repetition of consonant sounds in nearby syllables 
  1. Euphemism: Replacing a rude, offensive, or distasteful word or phrase with a polite one 
  1. Hyperbole: An exaggeration to emphasise on certain facts 
  1. Idiom: Phrases that have a hidden meaning which isn’t clear when reading the words literally 
  1. Imagery: Literary device that is used to evoke a sensory experience in the reader 
  1. Irony: Used to show the clash between expectations and reality 
  1. Metaphor: Literary device used to convey a message that goes beyond the literal meaning 
  1. Onomatopoeia: Sound words 
  1. Oxymoron: Two words that seem to contradict each other, used together 
  1. Paradox: A statement that appears to be contradictory at the first glance, but begins to makes sense upon deeper reflection 
  1. Personification: Attribution of human traits to inanimate objects 
  1. Rhyme: A close similarity in the final sounds of two or more words or lines of writing 
  1. Simile: A device that is used to convey a message that goes beyond the literal meaning using direct comparisons 
  1. Synecdoche: Using a part to refer to the whole or vice versa 


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