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Modifiers – Explanation and Its Types

Grade 7
Aug 29, 2022


  • A modifier is a word or a group of words that gives information about a noun or a verb. It modifies or changes the meaning of a noun or a verb. 


  • The man talking on the phone is my boss. 
  • We have a car of the same design. 

Misplaced Modifiers: 

  • When a modifier is placed a little far away from the word or words it modifies in the sentence, it creates ambiguity and modifies the wrong word or words. That is called a misplaced modifier. 
  • It is placed a little far away from the word or words it modifies, and because of that it is called  a misplaced modifier. 
  • Example: 

“Getting ready for the office, the food was eaten by Jon in a hurry.” 

  • Here the phrase “getting ready for the office intended to modify the noun “Jon.” But by mistake in this sentence that phrase modifying the word “food.” 
  • Correct one: “Getting ready for the office, Jon ate the food in hurry.” 
  • Let’s see how misplaced modifiers change the meaning of the sentence. 
  1. Only I want to marry her. 
  1. I want to marry only her. 
  1. I only want to marry her. 
  • So, we have some limiting modifiers. 
  • Limiting modifiers that limit the meaning of the word or words they modify. 
  • Examples: Only, Just, Nearly, Hardly, Almost, etc. 
  • Another kind of misplaced modifier is squinting modifier. 
  • When a modifier conveys two different meaning, it is called a squinting modifier. 
  • Examples: 
  1. “Insulting people sometimes maligns your image.” 


  • Modifies the verb Insulting, telling the frequency. 
  • Modifies the verb Maligns, telling the frequency. 
  • A misplaced modifier is generally one of the modifiers: 
  • Preposition phrase 
  • Participle phrase 
  • Present participle phrase 
  • Past participle phrase 
  • Relative clause 
  • A phrase is a meaningful sequence of two or more words that work as a unit in a sentence. 
  • In these sentences, the related words form a sentence that has either a subject or a predicate.  
  • So, these set of words are called phrases. 
  • It contains neither subject nor a verb. 
  • It is not complete sentences in itself. 


A Clause is a group of related words that has both the subject and predicate (verb). 

There are two types of clauses, 

  1. Dependent 
  2. Independent

Dependent Clause: 

  • Cannot stand alone as its own sentence, because it depends upon something else to give it a meaning. 
  • When written as a sentence, is a fragment. 
  • Begins with a subordinating conjunction. 

Independent Clause: 

  • An independent clause is a clause that can stand on its own as a sentence because it has a complete thought expressed. 


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