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Mood Verbals  

Aug 30, 2022
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Mood is the manner or mood in which the action indicated by the verb is expressed. 

In English, we use three types of moods: 

  • Indicative Mood 
  • Imperative Mood 
  • Subjunctive Mood 

Indicative Mood

The indicative mood is used: 

1. To make a statement of fact, like: 

  • Roger goes to the gym every day. 
  • Tim writes illegibly. 
  • Mr. Taylor teaches me music. 
  • The kid is smart. 

2. To ask a question, like: 

parallel
  • Are you alright? 
  • Did you call Jamie? 
  • Have you read the book? 

The indicative mood can also be used to express a supposition that is assumed as a fact, like: 

  • If [=assuming as a fact that] I am to do this; it shall not make me look like a loser. 
  • If it snows, I shall go skiing, [Assuming as a fact that it will snow, etc.] 
  • If he is responsible for this, he deserves to be punished. [ Assuming as a fact that he is the owner, etc.] 

Imperative Mood

The imperative mood is used to indicate; 

1. A command, like: 

  • Stay there. 
  • Take out your notebooks. 
  • Come here. 

2. An exhortation, like: 

  • Be honest. 
  • Take care of yourself. 
  • Try to do well. 

3. An entreaty or prayer, like:  

parallel
  • Have mercy upon us. 
  • Give us this day our daily bread. 

The verbs that appear in italics in each of these sentences is said to be in the imperative mood

PS: 

  1. The imperative mood should strictly be used only in the second person. 
  2. The subject of a verb that is in the imperative mood (you) is usually omitted. 

Subjunctive Mood 

The subjunctive mood doesn’t exist as commonly as the other two. It scarcely exists in present-day English. 

It exists as present subjunctive and past subjunctive

The present subjunctive is used: 

1. In certain traditional phrases, where it denotes a wish or hope, like: 

  • God bless you! 
  • Heaven help us! 
  • God save the King! 

2. In formal English, a noun clause that is dependent on a verb and expresses a desire, intention, resolution, and so on, like: 

  • I recommend that the subscription be reduced to $5. 
  • It is advised that a ring road be built to reduce the traffic block. 

The past subjunctive occurs: 

1. After the verb wish, to express a situation which is contrary to fact or unreal, like: 

  • I wish I were a billionaire. (were is used for all persons in the subjunctive) 
  • I wish I knew the answer. 
  • I wish my mom were here. 

2. After if, to indicate unreality or improbability in the present, like: 

  • If I were the head, I would fire him. 
  • If we started now, we would be in time. 

3. After as if/ as though, to express improbability or unreality, like: 

  • He orders me as if he were in my house. 
  • He acts as though he were drunk. 

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