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Mood Verbals  

Aug 30, 2022

Mood is the manner or mood in which the action indicated by the verb is expressed. 

In English, we use three types of moods: 

  • Indicative Mood 
  • Imperative Mood 
  • Subjunctive Mood 

Indicative Mood

The indicative mood is used: 

1. To make a statement of fact, like: 

  • Roger goes to the gym every day. 
  • Tim writes illegibly. 
  • Mr. Taylor teaches me music. 
  • The kid is smart. 

2. To ask a question, like: 

  • Are you alright? 
  • Did you call Jamie? 
  • Have you read the book? 

The indicative mood can also be used to express a supposition that is assumed as a fact, like: 

  • If [=assuming as a fact that] I am to do this; it shall not make me look like a loser. 
  • If it snows, I shall go skiing, [Assuming as a fact that it will snow, etc.] 
  • If he is responsible for this, he deserves to be punished. [ Assuming as a fact that he is the owner, etc.] 

Imperative Mood

The imperative mood is used to indicate; 

1. A command, like: 

  • Stay there. 
  • Take out your notebooks. 
  • Come here. 

2. An exhortation, like: 

  • Be honest. 
  • Take care of yourself. 
  • Try to do well. 

3. An entreaty or prayer, like:  

  • Have mercy upon us. 
  • Give us this day our daily bread. 

The verbs that appear in italics in each of these sentences is said to be in the imperative mood


  1. The imperative mood should strictly be used only in the second person. 
  2. The subject of a verb that is in the imperative mood (you) is usually omitted. 

Subjunctive Mood 

The subjunctive mood doesn’t exist as commonly as the other two. It scarcely exists in present-day English. 

It exists as present subjunctive and past subjunctive

The present subjunctive is used: 

1. In certain traditional phrases, where it denotes a wish or hope, like: 

  • God bless you! 
  • Heaven help us! 
  • God save the King! 

2. In formal English, a noun clause that is dependent on a verb and expresses a desire, intention, resolution, and so on, like: 

  • I recommend that the subscription be reduced to $5. 
  • It is advised that a ring road be built to reduce the traffic block. 

The past subjunctive occurs: 

1. After the verb wish, to express a situation which is contrary to fact or unreal, like: 

  • I wish I were a billionaire. (were is used for all persons in the subjunctive) 
  • I wish I knew the answer. 
  • I wish my mom were here. 

2. After if, to indicate unreality or improbability in the present, like: 

  • If I were the head, I would fire him. 
  • If we started now, we would be in time. 

3. After as if/ as though, to express improbability or unreality, like: 

  • He orders me as if he were in my house. 
  • He acts as though he were drunk. 


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