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Noun Phrases 

Grade 5
Aug 27, 2022
  • An expression is a gathering of words without both a subject and predicate. 
  • Phrases consolidate words into a bigger unit that can work as a sentence component. 

Noun Phrase  

  • It is a group of two or more words that function together as a noun in a sentence. 
  • It consist of a noun and other words that modify the noun. 

Noun + modifiers 

  • The boy hit the ball
  • It can function in a sentence as a subject, object, or complement. 

Noun Phrase as a Subject. 

  • The girl took the dog for a walk. 

Noun Phrase as an Object. 

  • She got a big gift for birthday. 

Noun Phrase as a Prepositional Object. 

  • Lion lives in deep, dense forest

The Formation of Noun Phrase 

‘a/an’ (Indefinite Article) + Noun 

 ‘a’ is used before a word begins with a consonant, or a vowel with a consonant sound.  

  • a man 
  • a boy 
  • a garden 

The form ‘an’ is used before words begins with a vowel (a, i, u, e, o) or words beginning with a mute ‘h’. 

  • An apple 
  • An hour 
  • An orange 

‘the’ [Definite Article] + Noun 

We use “The” to both Singular and plural and all genders. 

  • The boy/the boys 
  • The man/the men 
  • The plants/ the plants 

This/ these, that/ those (Demonstrative Adjective) +Noun.  

This/that are used for singular nouns, these/ those are used for plural nouns. 

  • This beach was quite empty last year. 
  • That book  
  • those toys/these puppies 

Possessive Adjective + Noun 

Possessive adjectives refer to the possessor and not to the thing possessed, my, your, its, our, and their are possessive adjectives.  

  • my book 
  • his house 
  • your school 

Numeral and noun  

Cardinal numbers (adjectives and pronouns). 

  • two girls 

Ordinal numbers (adjectives and pronouns). 

  • Second chance 
  • Third prize 

Quantitative adjectives and noun 

Intended to explain the number of things- some, any, much, many, a lot of, a little, few, etc.  

  • some biscuits (countable)  
  • any apple juice (uncountable) 

Modifiers after Nouns include prepositional phrases, adjective clauses, participle phrases, and infinitives. 

  • lawyer with a crooked nose 
  • face red with embarrassment 
  • devil in disguise 


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