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Parts of a Simple Sentence

Aug 30, 2022
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Simple Sentence: 

  • A simple sentence is a group of words that has a subject, a verb and states a complete thought. 
  • A simple subject has one subject and one predicate. 
  • It consists of one independent clause (main clause) with no dependent clause (Sub-ordinate clause). 
  • Example: “Mom cooked dinner” 

Subject: “Mom” 

Verb: “Cooked” 

  • There is no conjunction at the beginning or end of the sentence, and it is a complete thought. So, this is a simple sentence. 
  • Let us see some examples: 

“The children are sweeping the floor.” 

“Ranzel washes the dishes.” 

“They swim in the river.” 

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  • The words like “The children”, “Ranzel”, “They” are subjects. 
  • The rest of the sentence are called as predicates. 

“Mom and Dad cooked dinner.” 

  • Here “Mom” and “dad” are linked together by the co-coordinating conjunction “and”. 
  • Because the conjunction is connecting the subject, so this is a complete thought.  
  • So, we can call it a simple sentence. 

Let’s see one simpler sentence. 

“Mom and Dad cooked dinner and cleaned the kitchen”. 

Subject: “Mom”, “Dad” 

Verbs: “Cooked”, “Cleaned” 

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Verb phrases: “Cooked dinner”, “Cleaned the kitchen” 

The subject is the one which is being talked about in the sentence. 

  • It is usually a noun or a pronoun. 
  • Most of the time, the subject can be found at the beginning part of a sentence. 
  • A simple sentence is always consisting of a single independent clause and does not contain a dependent clause. 

Examples: 

  1. Carol’s sweater is red. 
  2. You and Alex need to be quiet. 
  3. Ms. Bennett did a cartwheel and a backflip.

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