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Phrases and Clauses

Sep 6, 2022


A phrase is a small group of words standing together as a unit. 


A clause is a group of words with a subject and a finite verb. 

Difference between a Phrase and a Clause  

Difference between a Phrase and a Clause  

Types of Phrases  

  1. Noun Phrase is a group of words headed by a noun or pronoun and any dependent words before or after the head. 
  2. Verb Phrase is a group of words with a main verb plus any modal and/or auxiliary verbs. 
  3. Prepositional Phrase is a group of words that starts with a preposition followed by other words. 
  4. Verbal Phrase is a group of words with a non-finite verb (participle/gerund/to infinitive) as its head word. 

Types of Clauses 

  • Main or Independent Clause: A clause that stands on its own, making complete sense without depending on any other clause, is called a main or independent clause. 
  • Dependent or Subordinate Clause: A clause that depends on the main clause to make complete sense is known as a dependent clause. 


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