Need Help?

Get in touch with us


Verbs and Verbal Phrases

Class 8
Jun 8, 2023
  • Verbal Verb that acts as another part of speech such as adjectives, adverbs, or nouns
  • Verbal Phrases-It consists of verbal and modifiers.

Types of Verbal Phrases

  • Infinitive
  • Gerund
  • Participial

1. InfinitiveVerbal that consists of the word ‘to’ plus verb (base form). (Example-to eat, to travel, to finish, to read)

Infinitive Phrase – It consists of an infinitive and a modifier. An infinitive phrase can act as an adjective, adverb, or noun.

  • When an infinitive phrase acts as a noun, it functions as the subject or direct object in a sentence.
  • When an infinitive phrase acts as an adjective, it modifies the noun in a sentence.
  • When an infinitive phrase acts as an adverb, it modifies the verb in a sentence.


  • Traveling across Paris is my New Year’s plan. (Subject – Noun)
  • She is planting a vegetable garden to eat organic food. (Adverb)
  • Sam failed to finish the race. (Direct object -Noun)
  • Josh wants the coach to help him become stronger. (Adjective)

2. Gerund – Verbal that functions as a noun and ends with ‘–ing’

Examples:  writing, speaking, baking, dancing

  • A Gerund phrase can be used as the subject of the sentence

ExampleWriting stories is my favorite hobby.

  • A Gerund phrase can be used as the direct object of the sentence

Example – Infants love playing with musical toys.

  • A Gerund phrase can be used as the object of a preposition

Example – Michael talks about making a baseball team.

  • Gerund can be used as a subject complement- A linking verb followed by a word that completes/complements the subject

Example – Sharon’s favorite activity is dancing with an umbrella.

3. Participle – Verbal that functions as an adjective.


Two kinds of participles – Present Participle (ending with ‘–ing’) and Past Participle (ending with ‘-ed’, ‘-en’, ‘-d’, ‘-t’, or ‘-n’).

Participial Phrase – Participle combined with modifiers. A participial phrase acts as an adjective to modify a noun/pronoun in a sentence.


  • Running at high speed, Tom bumped into a biker.
  • Smiling with confidence, Susie walked down the aisle.
  • I opened the envelope shaking with fear.
  • Cops tried to navigate the street jammed with the crowd.
Verb and Verbal Phrases


Related topics


Exploring the World of Adjectives: Types, Usage, and Examples

What are Parts of Speech? Parts of speech determine words’ grammatical and semantic position in a sentence. Activity time The parts of speech are nouns, adverbs, conjunctions, pronouns, interjections, adjectives, articles, prepositions, and verbs. Identify the parts of speech of the underlined words in the following sentences. White- Adjective Big- Adjective    Exciting- Adjectives New- […]

Memoir writing

Memoir Writing: Basic Elements, Structures, and Types

Memoir: A memoir is a narrative written from an author’s perspective about a particular facet of his/her own life. ‘Memoir’ word comes from the French word ‘memoire’, which means ‘memory’ or ‘reminiscence’. Example Night: Elie Wiesel gives an account of how he survived his teenage years at Auschwitz and Buchenwald concentration camps during World War […]

Identifying the main idea

Identification of Main Idea in Fiction and Non-fiction

Every story or paragraph or non-fictional text has at least one main idea. The MAIN IDEA is what the text is mostly about. (It is backed up or supported by SUPPORTING DETAILS) Before discussing how to find the main idea, we shall first look at TOPIC. Can you define a topic? A topic can be […]

Writing an Article

Writing an Article: Structure and Essential Tips

What is an article? Structure of Article Writing : Title : Draw the attention of readers with an attractive title and indicate the main topic of the article Introduction : Attract the reader’s attention with a sentence that gives a general presentation of the topic. Main Body : Between these sentences, the body should do […]


Other topics