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Grade 9
Sep 5, 2022

Plurals of nouns are utilized to specify when there is more than one person, place, animal, or thing. 

There are some basic rules to follow with framing plural:

  • The method for forming nouns plural is to add an “-s” at the end of the noun.  
  • If the noun ends in “-s,” “-x,” “-z,” or with a group of consonants, such as “-sh,” “-ch,” or “- tch,” add “-es” to make it plural.  
  • If the noun ends in “-y” and it is followed by a consonant, we change “y” to “i” and add “-es.”  
  • For the nouns that end in “-f,” “-fe,” or “-lf,” we replace the endings with “-ves” to make them plural. 
  • Many words that end in “-f,” “-fe,” or “-lf” are simply made plural with an “-s” on the end. 
  • Words ending in “-ff” or “-ffe,” simply add “-s” to the end. 
  • Some nouns that end in –o, can add either –s or –es to form the plural. 
  • Nouns taken from Latin or Greek maintain their original forms in the plural. 
  • Every verb in a clause or sentence must agree in number and person with its subject.  
  • A singular (one) subject is always preceded by the singular form of the verb. 
  • A plural subject is always preceded by the plural form of the verb. 
  • Apostrophes are utilized to shape plurals of lowercase individual letters and lowercase abbreviations. 


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