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Poetry Elements

Grade 8
Sep 1, 2022

Poems are the outcome of poetry. Poets are artists who are responsible for the creative writing of poems. It is difficult to describe poetry, and even specialists in the field frequently dispute on how to define it precisely. A poem is a type of literature that frequently uses rhythm and stylish ways of communicating feelings and ideas, according to a common definition. 

A poem is a one-of-a-kind piece of poetry. 

Poems don’t have to rhyme; they don’t have to follow any certain format, and they don’t have to use any particular vocabulary or be about any particular subject. But here’s what they must do: employ figurative language to use words artistically. The form of a poem is just as vital as the function, if not more so. 

The prose is written in the traditional sentence and paragraph pattern. Prose, while it comes in various forms and tones, closely resembles human speech patterns. 

Poetry may communicate emotions and transmit ideas, but it can also do more. Poets use poetry to tell stories, impart lessons, and even express hidden messages. You’re listening to poetry when you listen to music with lyrics. 


Now, let us take a look at the different elements of poetry:

Figurative speech, imagery, rhythm, mood, syntax, etc. are elements of poetry. Each of the following components of poetry will be discussed separately. You should be aware, however, that they function in tandem to achieve the proper message and tone in poetry. 

1. Figurative Language/ Speech

There have always been ingredients that made up numerous poems in both modern and traditional poetry. Figurative language is the first of numerous elements of poetry. This is when you utilize different words and language to make a text express a complicated meaning. 

Metaphors, similes, and allusions are some examples of figurative speech elements. 

A metaphor is a figure of speech that depicts an object or an activity in a way that is not accurate but allows for easy comparison and explanation. 

Example: Laughter is the best medicine. 


In its literal form, the preceding saying says that laughter is a drug that heals sickness, but its colloquial meaning is to communicate the notion that among many human traits, laughing is necessary for a good mental life. 

Another typical figure of speech in poetry is the use of similes in writing. Similes are metaphors that compare two things to explain a concept in a story. The following example might be used to demonstrate that a person is courageous due to a lion’s courageous quality described in any lion narrative. 


  • “As brave as a lion.” 
  • ‘My love is like a red, red rose.” 

2. Imagery

Imagery is a poetic element that adds interest and appeal to any piece of poetry. This is how an entire poem is constructed to evoke images in the mind of the reader. In poetry, imagery is utilized to vividly portray a picture of something or a concept in the reader’s mind throughout the creation of stanzas. 

Imagery is a literary element that enhances the attractiveness and intrigue of any poem. This is how an entire poem is written to elicit images in the reader’s imagination. Throughout the development of stanzas, imagery is used to powerfully express a picture of something or a notion in the reader’s mind. 

The five main types of imagery are: 

Visual Imagery: This is a typical literary device for drawing the reader’s attention to a scenario described in the text. 

Auditory Imagery: The use of words that relate to the sensation of hearing is what auditory imagery is all about. 

Olfactory Imagery: The aroma of inanimate items, a place, an animal, or a person is described using olfactory imagery. 

Gustatory Imagery: When a poet utilizes terms that connect to the sensation of taste, this is referred to as “taste poetry.” 

Tactile Imagery: Tactile imagery allows a poet to employ certain words to draw the reader’s attention. This is accomplished by employing the appropriate terminology to explain the sensation of touch. 

3. Rhythm

Even though poems do not have to follow a specific beat, most poets prefer to have a rhythm in their poems to create a recurrent pattern. Rhyming words can be used to archive this. Regular or irregular rhythm can be created by rhyming words. 

Rhythm is a poetry element that aids in the creation of a good and creative poem. It is the systematic regularity of a poem’s tempo and rhythm that is archived. 

In poetry, we can see five types of rhythms that are used: 

Iambic Pentameter: employs the usage of two syllables, stressed and unstressed. The first syllable is unstressed, but the second syllable is. 

For example, in the statement –A to Z-, the first syllable has been stressed whereas the second has not. 

Trochee: is a form of poetic rhythm that is also widely employed. Because the initial syllable is stressed and the second syllable is not, this is the polar opposite of iamb. 

Mouthful numbers – The first syllable in this phrase is stressed, whereas the second one is not. 

Spondee: This is when two syllables are stressed, as in the phrase ‘break, break, break.’ 

Dactyl: This is a different form of poetic rhythm. This is where the first syllable is stressed, followed by the remaining two. Take, for example, the word “wonderful.” 

Anapest: The anapest rhythm is the polar opposite of the dactyl rhythm, in which the first two syllables are stressed but the last syllable is not, as in the example below: 

“Hit the nail on the head.”- In this phrase, the first two syllables are stressed while the last one is not. 

The general structure of a poem is aided by the presence of rhythm in poetry. Rhythm establishes a pattern by which the entire poem moves. Another benefit of having a rhythm is that it aids in the selection of words in a poem. 

Initial sounds and final sounds are utilized to create similar sounds in poetry. Throughout the poetry, certain sounds may help to build overall order. This ensures that the poetry has a consistent flow of words. 

4. Tone

Another essential aspect of poetry is tone. It’s crucial to know the manner that the speaker will express in any poetry you’re creating. This will be demonstrated by the speaker’s demeanor. The tone of a poem is sometimes referred to as the poem’s mood. Moods can be expressed in a variety of ways in different poetry. 

Poems can have a variety of moods, including happy, gloomy, reflective, gloomy, romantic, humorous, and melancholy. The tone and theme of a poem can be used to set the mood of the poem. 

Laughter, bright colors, and pleasant smells can be used to depict or portray cheerful and happy moods. 

Make your character perform amusing things to create a comic vibe in any poetry scenario. This mood can be utilized to make fun of people or situations. 

Melancholy is a depressed state of mind. It’s an emotional tone that makes the reader care about the poem’s character. 

If you wish to convey a romantic vibe in your poem, start with a lovely and brilliant theme. Lunch on the beach or a sunset on the horizon are common examples. 

The mood in your poetry engages the reader by giving them an emotional insight into what the character is feeling; it also helps them build an emotional link to the poem and understand it on a deeper level. It is difficult for readers to appreciate a poem on a deeper level if it lacks a mood. 

5. Syntax

Word order is referred to as syntax, yet it is word order that creates specific sounds, images, and attitudes. The way a writer chooses words, arranges them in sentences and longer units of speech, and exploits their meaning is related to his or her style, which expresses more than a writer’s linguistic identity; in reality, syntax reflects the writer’s worldview. 

Faulkner’s convoluted, intricate, verbose, and frequently formal style, for example, tells something about the way he sees the South in which he writes. Hemingway, on the other hand, communicates something about his typical obsession, World War I, and its terrible effect on relationships, through his sparse, fragmentary, often interrupted, and staccato style. “Form is content,” as they say. It’s just as essential how something is said as it is what is said. 

Poetry Elements


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