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Prefixes and Suffixes

Grade 4
Sep 2, 2022

Verbs denote a physical or mental action or state of being. 

We can form new verbs by adding prefixes or suffixes to the words which we already know. Prefixes and suffixes are a group of letters that are added in a word to change its meaning. Prefixes and suffixes cannot stand on their own in a sentence. 


Prefixes are added to the beginning of an existing word to create a new word with a different meaning. 

For example: rewrite 

Here, “re-” is the prefix added to “write” to form the verb “rewrite”. 



Suffixes are added to the end of an existing word. Verb suffixes are added at the end of a word to convert it into a verb. These are usually made by adding letters to a noun or an adjective. 

For example: Real + -ize = Realize 

A suffix often changes a word from one class to another. 

A noun or adjective can change into a verb or adverb after adding suffixes

In the example given above “real” is an adjective and “–ize” is a suffix. The word formed is “realize” which is a verb. 

Prefixes and Suffixes


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