Need Help?

Get in touch with us


Restrictive and Non-Restrictive Elements- Types of Relative Clauses

Grade 10
May 16, 2023

Grammar – Restrictive and Non-Restrictive Elements

Relative Clause: If a sentence has two phrases connected with words like “who,” “whose,” “which,” “that,” etc., then the phrase beginning with any of these words is said to be a relative clause.

There are Two Types of Relative Clauses:

  1. Restrictive Clause: A restrictive clause is a clause that is necessary to make meaning of the sentence. This clause restricts the noun to specify a particular noun. Without the restrictive clause, the sentence will be incomplete and won’t have any meaning.
  2. Non-restrictive Clause: A non-restrictive clause is unnecessary to make meaning in the sentence. It is used to provide extra information about the noun. With non-restrictive clauses, we use commas before and after the clause.

Reduced Restrictive Clause: Sometimes, we omit the connectors in a sentence with a restrictive clause without the sentence losing its meaning. Sometimes, you may need to make minor changes to ensure grammatical accuracy.

Rules for the Use of Connectors:

  1. That: It is only used with restrictive clauses. It is never used with a non-restrictive clause. It is used to refer to things, not people.
  2. Which: It can be used with both restrictive and non-restrictive clauses but is usually preferred in non-restrictive clauses. It is used to refer to things, not people.
  3. Who, whom, whose: These can be used in both restri and non-restrictive clauses.

Restrictive and Non-Restrictive


Related topics


Exploring the World of Adjectives: Types, Usage, and Examples

What are Parts of Speech? Parts of speech determine words’ grammatical and semantic position in a sentence. Activity time The parts of speech are nouns, adverbs, conjunctions, pronouns, interjections, adjectives, articles, prepositions, and verbs. Identify the parts of speech of the underlined words in the following sentences. White- Adjective Big- Adjective    Exciting- Adjectives New- […]

Memoir writing

Memoir Writing: Basic Elements, Structures, and Types

Memoir: A memoir is a narrative written from an author’s perspective about a particular facet of his/her own life. ‘Memoir’ word comes from the French word ‘memoire’, which means ‘memory’ or ‘reminiscence’. Example Night: Elie Wiesel gives an account of how he survived his teenage years at Auschwitz and Buchenwald concentration camps during World War […]

Identifying the main idea

Identification of Main Idea in Fiction and Non-fiction

Every story or paragraph or non-fictional text has at least one main idea. The MAIN IDEA is what the text is mostly about. (It is backed up or supported by SUPPORTING DETAILS) Before discussing how to find the main idea, we shall first look at TOPIC. Can you define a topic? A topic can be […]

Writing an Article

Writing an Article: Structure and Essential Tips

What is an article? Structure of Article Writing : Title : Draw the attention of readers with an attractive title and indicate the main topic of the article Introduction : Attract the reader’s attention with a sentence that gives a general presentation of the topic. Main Body : Between these sentences, the body should do […]


Other topics