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Semantics

Sep 5, 2022
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Semantics is the study of meaning within a language. But meanings exist in our minds and we can express what is in our minds through the spoken and written forms of language. 

The sound patterns of language are studied through phonology and the organization of words and sentences is studied by morphology and syntax.  

These are in turn organized in a way that can convey meaningful messages or receive and understand messages.  

Every human child, with a, learns the language of the society in which it grows up. 

All that we can understand is that the child follows sometime in the process of acquisition.  

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Processes such as making questions and negative statements are acquired as these processes that go beyond a mere shadow of what is in the environment and make it possible for the child to express himself and interact with others The child acquires the ability to make use, as a speaker and hearer, of the most important communication system of the community.  

The syntax is the knowledge of the classes of words, sometimes called parts of speech, and how these classes go together in order to form phrases and sentences. Syntax deals with grammatical categories like tense, number, and aspect categories which differ from language to language and which yet are present somehow in all languages. 

Morphology is the knowledge of word formation: the account of different forms of the ‘same’ word (dog, dogs; connect, connecting, connected) and the derivation of different words which have and share a basic meaning (connect, disconnect, connection). 

Two form that make opposite citations about the same subject are antonyms; they are antonymous, instances of antonymy example: good – bad 

As language is creative, our communication is not restricted to a fixed set of topics; we constantly produce and understand new topics in response to new situations and stimuli. At the same level, language use is subject to very specific rules and situations. There seems to be an infinite number of things we can say or write, but a language does not have an infinite number of words nor an infinite number of ways of combining words. If it had, we cannot learn it 

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