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Types of Point of View and their Examples

Class 6
Aug 11, 2023

Point of View:

The perspective from which a story is told is called its point of view.

  • It refers to the ‘eyes’ of the narrative voice that determine the position from which the story is relayed.
  • Simply put point of view refers to the perspective that the narrator holds about the story’s events.
  • All types of writing are written from a point of view. It is an essential element of a story.

Types of Point of View

  • First-person point of view
  • Second-person point of view
  • Third-person limited point of view
  • Third-person omniscient point of view
  • Fourth-person point of view

Rule – Readers need to look at the pronouns used in narration and not dialogues to identify the type of point of view.

First-Person Point of View

  • Everything is told from the viewpoint of the main character, usually the protagonist.
  • With a first-person view, readers understand the thoughts and feelings of the main character.
  • The main character tells the story, and readers see into the character’s life.
  • Singular or plural first-person pronouns. Singular first person–I, me, mine, my, myself
  • Plural first person –Our, ourselves, we, us

Second-Person Point of View

  • Narrators speak to the readers directly. , The reader is brought into the ’tory’s action and is addressed by using the pronoun ‘you.’
  • The second-person point of view attempts to turn the readers into the character.
  • The second-person point of view is often used in instructional writing, speeches, and poems.
  • Second person pronouns—You, yours, your, yourself/yourselves

Third Person Point of View

  • There is a narrative presence telling the story and referring to the characters in the third person as ‘he’, ‘she.’
  • The third-person point of view is subdivided into third-person limited and third-person omniscient.

Third Person Limited Point of View  

  • The narrator is closely assigned to one character. : The narrator has access to the thoughts and experiences of just one character.

Third Person Omniscient Point of View    

  • The narrator has access to all experiences, feelings, and thoughts of all the characters in the story. It is not limited to one character.

Third Person Pronouns

  • Singular pronouns– She, he, him, her, his, hers, herself, himself, it, its, itself.
  • Plural pronouns- They, them, their, theirs, themselves.

Fourth Person Point of View

  • It is a collection of perspectives.
  • Multiple narrators tell the story as one.
  • Narrative voice encompasses a larger group and speaks collectively on behalf of the group.
  • Generic referents are used to refer to all members of a group.
  • Use of words ‘we’ and ‘us.’
  • Example of larger groups:
  • A community
  • A social group
  • A group of animals
Types of Point of View


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