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Types of Sentences

Sep 5, 2022

A sentence is a gathering of words that expresses a complete thought.  

A sentence must have a subject and a verb, but it may or may not have an object. 

By structure, the sentence can be divided into three types: 

  • Compound sentences
  • Complex sentences 
  • Compound-complex sentences 

Compound sentences

  • Compound sentences constitute two independent clauses expressing closely related ideas of equal or identical importance that are linked using a comma and a conjunction or just a semicolon. 
  • Compound sentences can be formed with coordinating conjunction, a correlative conjunction, a conjunctive adverb, or a semicolon. 

Complex sentences

  • Complex sentences constitute one independent clause (or main clause) and one or more dependent clauses (or subordinate clauses). 
  • The dependent clause starts and is linked to the independent clause by a subordinating conjunction. 

Compound-complex sentences

  • Compound-complex sentences are made up of two independent clauses (also known as main clauses) and one or more dependent clauses (or subordinate clauses). 

By purpose, sentences can be divided into the following kinds: 

  • Declarative sentences 
  • Interrogative sentences 
  • Exclamatory sentences 
  • Imperative sentences 
  • Negative sentences 

Declarative Sentence

  • A declarative sentence constructs a statement or argument about what is, was, or will be the case. 

Interrogative Sentence

  • An interrogative sentence is  A sentence that asks a question. 

Tag Questions

  • Tag questions are formed by including a question as a “tag” onto the end of a declarative sentence. 

Imperative Sentences

  • Imperative sentences give orders, commands, and general instructions. 

Exclamatory Sentence

  • An exclamatory sentence expresses strong emotions. 



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