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Aug 29, 2022

The verb is a word that expresses some action, condition and existence. It tells us about the subject. 

For example 

Action Condition Existence 
Moni eats daily John will be sorry Mark was in the house. 

Here are some sentences to help you identify the verbs in them.   

  1. Naini sleeps on the bed.  
  1. Monal will wait for her son at school.  
  1. He is in the class.  

Types of Verbs   

  1. Action verbs  
  1. Linking verbs  
  1. Auxiliary verbs 
  1. Finite verbs 
  1. Infinite verbs 
  1. Regular verbs  
  1. Irregular verbs 
  1. Transitive  
  1. Intransitive verb  
  1. Dynamic verb  
  1. Stative verb 

Action verbs:

An action verb is a verb that expresses physical or mental action. The action verb tells us what the subject of our clause or sentence doing physically or mentally. 

Example: skip, smell, love, think, walk, help. 


Action verbs can either be transitive or intransitive.      

Transitive verbs: 

A transitive verb is a verb that denotes an action that passes from the subject to an object. 

Example: John likes Apples.  

Example: owe, feed, paint, make, drive, lift, kick, produce, give, buy, pass, sell, take, show, offer. 

Intransitive verbs:

An intransitive verb is a verb that does not pass over to an object or which expresses a state of being. Example: nap, bark, gloat, wink, snore, grow, rain, arrive.  


Auxiliary or helping verbs:   

An auxiliary verb (or a helping verb) is used with a main verb to help express the main verb tense, mood, or voice. 

auxiliary verb

Linking verbs:  

A linking verb connects the subject of a sentence with a word that gives further information about the subject, such as condition or relationship.   

They do not show any action; they simply link the subject with the rest of the sentence.  

For example: They are a problem. The word “are” acts as the linking verb that connects they and problem

Dynamic verbs: 

A dynamic verb is a verb that shows continued or progressive action on the part of the subject. 

Example:  Joe is chasing the bus.  

Stative verbs:  

 Stative verb means that the verb describes a state rather than an action.  

Examples: be, have, like, seem, prefer, understand, belong, doubt, hate, and know 

Finite verbs: 

Finite verbs change their forms when there is a change in the number or person of the subject. 

Example: appear, promise, love, hate. 

Non-finite verbs:  

Verbs that do not change their form when the number or person of the subject changes. 

Example: expand, leave, smile.  

Regular verbs: 

Regular verbs form their past and past participle forms by adding –ed 

Example: participate-participated, accept-accepted 

Irregular verbs: 

Irregular verbs do not usually follow the rules for common verb forms.  

They usually do not have a predictable -ed ending.  

Example: get, go, say, come, take sleep.    


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