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Grade 9
Sep 5, 2022

The grammatical property of voice, also known as diathesis, specifies the relationship between the verb and the subject of a sentence.

 Types of Voice: 

  • Active Voice  
  • Passive Voice  

Active Voice

When the doer or actor is the subject of a phrase, the verb is in the Active Voice. Because the subject is active, this is the case. 

  • “The boy performed a song.”(with an object, a song).  
  •  “I’m watching a movie,” says the speaker (with an object, a film). 
  • “Vivian sings well.” (in the absence of an object). 

Passive Voice

The subject of a passive-voice statement is the action’s recipient. 

The past participle form of a passive-voice verb is preceded by the auxiliary verb be

  • “Angel will perform a well-known piano tune tomorrow night.” 
  • “Thousands of individuals have already read his latest book.” 
  • “It’s a kid who’s making the jewellery.” 

General Rules of Voice Change: 

When in passive voice, the object of the verb in the active voice becomes the subject of the verb. 


In the active voice, the verb’s subject becomes the object in the passive voice. 

The preposition “by” is usually used before it. 

In the passive voice, the primary verb is converted to the past participle form and is preceded by the right form of the verb ‘to be.’ 

There are some verbs with the objects. In such cases either of the objects can be changed into the subject and other is retained as an object. This object is called Retained objects. 

  • “The race was won by a middle school track and field star.” (active voice). 
  • “The youngsters are outside playing,” says the (passive voice). 
  • “It’s being played outside by the youngsters.” (active voice) 

When the receiver of the action is crucial, use passive voice: To stress the significance of the action’s recipient. 


When expressing a professional, neutral, or objective tone, use the following phrases: 

  • To use a tone that is professional, neutral, or objective. Typically, the action’s recipient is the main focus of the sentence. 
  • When the agent is unnamed, unimportant, or inferred 
  • When you want to soften an authoritative tone.


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