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Take From – Subtraction Equations and Problems

Key Concepts

  • Compare situations.
  • Word problems on comparing situations.

Introduction:

There are eight birds on a tree. 

3 birds flew away. 

How many birds are left on the tree?  

Use cubes to find. 

8 is whole. 

Now we need to take 3 from 8. 

Subtract 3 from 8, we get 

8 – 3 = ____ 

Now write the difference between the numbers. 

Subtraction equation is  

8 – 3 = 5 

There are 5 birds left on the tree.   

There are 10 books in a bag. 

4 books are taken out. 

How many books are left in the bag?  

Use cubes to find. 

10 is whole. 

Now we need to take 4 from 10 

Subtract 4 from 10, we get 

10 – 4 = ____ 

Now write the difference between the numbers. 

Subtraction equation is  

10 – 4 = 6 

There are 6 books left in the bag.   

Take from Real Life: 

Check Our Understanding: 

  1. There are 6 apples on the tree. 4 apples have fallen on the ground. How many apples are left on the tree? 
    Answer: 
    6 – 4 = 2 
  1. Observe the picture and find the number of birds flying away if there are 8 birds at first. 

Answer: 
8 – __ = 6 
8 – 6 = 2 

  1. There are 7 fish in a pond. 5 fish died during fishing. How many fish are alive in the pond? 
    Answer: 
    7 – 5 = 2 
  1. Observe the picture and find the number of glasses of orange juice is over. If there are 9 glasses of orange juice initially. 

9 – 4 = 5

Exercise

  1. There are 3 bats in a cave. If 2 bats went outside, how many bats are there inside?
  2. There are 4 birds on a tree. If 2 are flying, how many are on the tree?
  3. There are 10 flowers in a plant. If some flowers are plucked, 6 flowers are there in the plant, how many flowers are plucked?
  4. There are 8 seeds in a pouch. If 5 seeds are planted, how many are left in the pouch?
  5. There are 6 toys in a bag. If 5 are taken out of the bag, how many are inside the bag?
  6. There are 5 people in a class. If 2 people went out, how many are there in the class?
  7. There are 9 apples on the tree. 4 apples have fallen, how many are on the tree?
  8. There are 7 cats on a wall.  If 5 cats are jumping on the bed, how many are on the wall? Write the equation.
  9. There are 7 bats in the cave. If 3 bats went out, how many are there inside the cave? Write the equation.
  10. There are 10 mats in a cupboard. If 5 mats are taken out, how many are inside the cupboard? Write the equation.

Concept Map:

What we have learned

  • Subtraction word problems.
  • Subtraction equation.

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