## Key Concepts

- Multiply fractions.
- Use models to multiply two fractions.
- Interpret the product a/b x q as a part of a partition of q into b equal parts; equivalently, as the result of a sequence of operations (a q) ÷ b.
- Standard multiplication of two fractions.
- Understand some of the concept distributive property with multiplying fractions.

## Multiply two fractions using models

### Multiplying fractions

**Multiplying fractions can be a little tricky to understand. **

**When adding fractions, you are finding the sum. **

**When you subtract fractions, you are finding the difference. **

**When multiplying a fraction by a whole number, you are finding the sum of a **

**repeaters**** fraction or a repeated group.**

**When you multiply two fractions, it means that you are looking for a part of a part. Here is a multiplication problem with two fractions. **

**Example 1:**

There was a pan of lasagna left. Tom ate 1/3 of this amount. What fraction of the whole pan of lasagna did he eat?

Solution: Find 1/3 of 1/4 to solve this problem

**One way**

Divide one whole part into fourths.

Divide 1/4 into 3 equal parts.

Divide the other 1/4 s into 3 equal parts.

12 parts make one whole, so one part is 1/12

𝟏/𝟑 **x** 𝟏/𝟒** =** 1/12

∴ 1/3 of 1/4 = 𝟏/𝟏𝟐

**Another way:**

Shade one of 3 columns yellow to represent 1/3 **.**

Shade 1 of the 4 rows red to represent 1/4.

The orange overlap shows the product.

1 out of 12 parts are shaded orange.

1/3 x 1/4** =**1 X 1 / 3 X 4

**= 1/12**

Tom ate 𝟏/𝟏𝟐

of the pan of lasagna.

**Important Note:**

You can’t always draw pictures to figure out a problem, so you can multiply fractions using a few simple steps.

To multiply two fractions, multiply the numerator by the numerator and the denominator by the denominator.

a/b × c/d = a × c / b × d

### Multiplying two fractions by using number line

**Example 2:**

Find

𝟐/𝟑 x 𝟑/𝟒 using a number line.

Solution:

𝟏/𝟑 means 1 of 3 equal parts,

so 𝟏/𝟑 of 𝟑/𝟒 is𝟏/𝟒* *

𝟐/𝟑 means 2 of 3 equal parts,

so 2/3 of 3/𝟒 is 2 times 1/4

∴** ** 𝟐/𝟑 x 𝟑/𝟒 = 𝟐/𝟒 or 𝟏/𝟐

#### Practice

**Find 5/𝟔 x 𝟏/𝟐 . Shade the model to help solve.**

Solution:

Shade 5 of the 6 columns red to represent

𝟓/𝟔.

Shade 1 of the 2 rows to represent 1/2.

Violet color represents the product. 𝟓/𝟔 **x** 𝟏/𝟐 = 𝟓/𝟏𝟐

**2. Find 3/4 of 4/9. **

Solution:

3/4 x 4/9 = 3 X 4/4 X 9

= 12/36

= 1/3

3/4 ** x ** 𝟒/𝟗

**𝟏/𝟑**

*=***3. Find 1/2 of 3/4. **

Solution:

= 1/2 x 3/4 = 1 X 3 / 2 X 4

= 3/8

= 1/2 x 3/4 = 3/8

**4. A scientist had 3/4 of a bottle of a solution. She used 1/6 of the solution in an experiment. How much of the bottle did she use? **

Solution:

Given that,

Total solution that the scientist had = 3/4

Solution used by scientist = 1/6

Then,

1/6 x 3/4 = 1 X 3 / 6 X 4

= 3 / 24

=1/8

∴ She used 1/8 of the solution for the experiment.

### Standard multiplication of two fractions

**Example 1:**

On dan’s Reader, 2/3 of the books are fiction. Of the fiction 4/5 are mysterious. What fraction of the books on Dan’s eReader are mysterious? Solve this problem any way you choose.

Solution:

Given that,

No. of fiction books = 2/3

No. of books that are mysterious of fiction = 4/5

Then,

2/3 x 4/5 = 2 X 4 / 3 X

= 8/15

= 2 / 3 x 4/5 = 8/15

∴ 8/15 books on Dans eReader are mysterious.

**Example 2:**

Amelia takes pictures with her smartphone. Of the pictures,5/6 are of animals. 3/4 of her animal photos are of dogs. What fraction of her pictures are of dogs?

**Solution:**

**Step 1 **

Estimate 3/4 x 5/6. Since both fractions are less than 1,Since both fractions are less than 1, the product will be less than 1the product will be less than 1.

**Step 2 **

Multiply the numerators. Then multiply the denominators.

3/4×5/6 = 3 × 54 × 63 × 54 × 6

=15/24 (∵15/24 < 1 )

= 5/8

The answer is reasonable.

So, 5/8 of all Animal’s pictures have dogs in them.

**Example 3:**

Is the product of 3/6 x 5/4 equal to the product of 3/4×5/6 ? Explain how you know?

Solution:

**Case 1 **

3/6×5/4 = 3 × 5/6 × 4

= 15/24

∴ 3/6 × 5/4 = 5/8

**Case 2 **

3/4× 5/6 = 3 × 5/4 × 6

= 15/24

∴ 3/4× 5/6 = 5/8

∴ 3/6× 5/4 = 3/4 × 5/6

#### Practice

**1. Find 9/10 × 1/2 **

Solution:

9/10 × 1/2 = 9 × 1/10 × 29

= 9/20

∴ 9/10 ×1/2

=9/20

**2. Find 5/6× 1/3 **

Solution:

5/6×1/3 = 5 × 1/6 × 3

= 5/18

∴ 5/6 × 1/3 = 5/18

**3. Find 4/7 of 7/9 **

Solution:

4/7× 7/9 = 4 × 7/7 × 9

= 28/63

∴ 4/7× 7/9 = 4/9

**4. Find ( 1/6 + 1/6 ) × 3/4 **

Solution:

(1/6+1/6 ) × 3/4 = (1+1 / 6) × 3/4

= (2/6) × 3/4

= 2/6 x 3/4

= 2 x 3/6 x 4

∴ (1/6+1/6 ) x 3/4 = 6/24

**5. Find (9/10 – 3/10 ) × 1/4 **

Solution:

(9/10-3/10 ) × 1/4 = (9 −3/10) × 1/4

= (6/10) × 1/4

= 6/10 × 1/4

= 6 × 1/ 10 × 4

= 6/40

∴ (9/10-3/10 ) x 1/4 = 3/20

**6. Edurado runs 6 laps around the track at Lincoln Park school. Then he runs 3/12 miles to get home. How far will he run in all. Show your work. **

Solution:

Given that,

Distance covered in one lap = 1/4miles

No of laps around the track = 6

Distance covered to get to home = 3 1/2 miles =7/2

Total distance covered by Edurado = (6 × 1/4) + 7/2

= 6 × 1 + 7 × 2 / 4

= 6 + 14 / 4

= 20/4

**= 5 miles**

### What have we learned

- Multiply fractions.
- Use models to multiply two fractions.
- Interpret the product ab × q as a part of a partition of q into b equal parts; equivalently as the result of a sequence of operations (a × q) ÷ b.
- Understand standard multiplication of two fractions.
- Understand some of the concepts of distributive property with multiplying fractions.