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Living and Non-living Things: Definition and Characteristics

Grade 2
Jun 6, 2023


There are lots of different things around us. Just look around your room now, and you will see lots of things, for example, a book, maybe a pencil or something else.

Can you identify and name the things given in the picture below?

Living Room

You may find a plant, dog, boy, girl, tv, lamps, books, and furniture.

All these things around us are mainly divided into two groups.

  1. Living things
  2. Non-living things

Living Things

The things which can breathe, grow, feel, move, and reproduce are called living things.

Examples – Plants, animals, and human beings.

Living Things

Characteristics of Living Things

Living Things Grow:

Human beings grow from a baby to an adult.

The Life Cycle of a Human

Animals grow from a baby to adult animals.

A Young Animal Grows into an Adult Animal

A young plant grows into an adult plant. The below image shows how a seed grows into an adult tree.

Seed into Saplings

Humans breathe through their noses.

Living Things Breath:

Breathing in Human

Most animals breathe through their nose.

Breathing in Animal

Plants breathe through tiny pores on their leaves called stomata.


Living Things Eat Food to Live:

Humans require food to survive.


Animals depend on plants or other animals for food.

Animals Eating Plant Leaves

Plants make their own food with the help of sunlight and water.


Living Things Reproduce:

Human beings give birth to babies.


Human Baby

Some animals give birth to babies. Other animals lay eggs.

Animal Baby

Some plants reproduce through their seeds. Many plants have seeds, and these seeds grow into new plants.

Plant Seeds

Living Things Can Feel:

We feel pain when we get hurt.

Hot Utensils

Animals move or react when they are touched.


Some plants can also feel touch. When you touch the leaves of a mimosa plant, they close instantly.

Mimosa plant

Living Things Move:

Human beings move around.

Kids Running

Animals move from place to place.


A sunflower always turns towards the sun, which shows movement.

Plant Movement

Non-living Things

Things that do not breathe, grow, feel, move, and reproduce are called non-living things.

Non-Living Things

Non-living things are divided into two types:

  1. Natural things
  2. Man-made things

Natural things

Things that are made by nature are called natural things. These things naturally exist in the world.

Natural Things

All living things are natural things.

Man-made Things

Things that man makes for their use and convenience are called man-made things. These things are also called artificial things.

These things are made from natural things.

Man Made Things

Classify the following things into natural and man-made things.

Earth, sand, house, soil, buildings, chairs, sunlight, computer, table, waterfalls, clothes, air, paper, and rocks.

Natural and man-made things are given in the below table.

Living and Non-living


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