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Grade 9
Sep 5, 2022

Determiners and Gerunds 

Determiners are utilized to introduce a noun or noun phrase

Determiners are words such as this, those, my, their, which. They are special adjectives that are used before nouns. 

Kinds of determiners:  

  • Articles: a/an, the.  
  • Demonstratives: this, that, these, those.  
  • Possessives: my, our, your, his, her, their, its.  
  • Quantifiers: a few, a little, much, many, a lot of, most, some, any, enough.  
  • Numbers: one, ten, some, any, many, a few, all, several, each, every, either, neither etc.  
  • Distributive: all, both, half, either, neither, each, every, only. 

Gerund is a non-finite verb. It appears as an action word. However, it behaves like a thing. When “verb+ing” functions as a “noun and action word”, it is called a gerund


  • Swimming is good exercise. (subject) 
  • The girls enjoy swimming. (direct object) 
  • The best exercise is swimming. (predicate nominative) 
  • She was scolded for swimming. (object of a preposition) 
  • A gerund phrase consists of a gerund and related words. 


  • Swimming in the lake is good exercise. 


Subject of the verb

  • Swimming is a good exercise. 
  • Giving is better than receiving 

Object of a transitive verb

  • Stop writing
  • I like reading poetry. 
  • Working is praying

Object of a preposition

  • I am fond of catching fish. 
  • I am tired of writing.


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