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Informational Texts – Sources, Benefits, and Examples

Grade 3
Aug 2, 2023

Introduction to Informational Texts

Let us learn about informational text!

Do you know where you can find the informational text? Can you find the informational text?

Reading teaches us something new every day. Whether we realize it or not, we learn from various reading materials, including newspapers, cutting-edge phone apps, and social media. These writings are educational because they supplement our past knowledge or teach us new information. Informational text is one of the most widely used genres of writing. This session will teach you more about informational text and its characteristics.

The Benefits of Informational Texts:

The skills and methods needed to read and interpret factual material are taught through level books and worksheets, comprehension tests, and discussion cards that go along with them.

“So, it is all about a proper order of understanding.”


Now let’s describe the given image.

Sliced Apple


Apples are fantastic energy food. They are rich in vitamins and minerals.  They are also abundant in antioxidants and fiber.  Several digestive diseases can be treated with apples. They can also help in relieving coughing.

The Use of Reference Texts

  • Non-fiction/level reference books include comprehension tests, supplemental worksheets, visual organizers, comprehension tests, graphic organizers, discussion cards, and focused lessons.
  • Instructional Addendums for non-fiction (and fiction) books address specific fundamental changes. Questions about the text help us read carefully.

Additional Sources of Informational Text:

  • Early readers should be exposed to informational text by reading non-fiction books together.
  • Close reading packs contain a variety of informative content to assist students in reading various short texts carefully.
  • Graphs, charts, maps, schedules, and other visual text are among the aspects of a text that are explicitly illustrated by visual aids.
  • In the reading content area, graded books are arranged into groups of specific content area topics.

Write the similarities and differences for this image.

Differences for this image


The similarities

Now let’s know about the simple structure of the informational text.

1. Description

  • It describes a person, place, thing, event, etc. It includes its features, characteristics, and examples.
  • Keywords: For example, such as, to begin with, an example, characteristics to illustrate.

Key structures: Description

  • Description of a specific topic.
  • How is it described?
  • How does it work?
  • Why is it important to remember it?

2. Comparison and contrast

  • The similarities and differences between a subject or topic are discussed.
  • Keywords: Such types of texts are identified by keywords such as—same as, and similar to. 
  • On the other hand, compared to, as opposed to, are used to show differences.

3. Problem and solution

  • It presents the problem and the possible resolution or solution/s to it.
  • Keywords: The problem is, to solve this, one of the solutions is, one reason for the …

4. Persuasion

  • It tries to convince a person to agree or believe on specific issues or stand.
  • Keywords: Indeed, it is inevitable, therefore, consequently, convinced, agree, the…  conclude

5. Sequence

  • The situation, incidents, or events in their proper order are described in this type of text. It also tells the steps on how to do something.
  • Keywords: The words like first, second, next, then, before, after, finally, following, now, soon, not long after

6. Cause and effects

  • It identifies why something happens or happened and its possible effects/s.
  • Keywords: The words like so, because, since, therefore, if…then, the effect of

Purposes are used.

What happened (effect) and why it happen (cause)?


  • Due to inclement weather, the swimming carnival was called off.
  • The teacher suggested a game because the students worked so hard.

So, use these rules as a rule of thumb to make clear informational text.

Informational Texts


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