Need Help?

Get in touch with us


Literature Elements: Setting, Character, Theme, Plot & More

Grade 6
Aug 9, 2023

Literature Elements:

These refer to the constituent parts of a work of literature, present in different forms like prose, poetry, or drama.

Literature elements consist of –

  • Setting: It comprises two key elements, space and time. Space refers to the geographical location of the story. It deals with the ‘where’ part of a story. Time refers to the ‘when’ part of the story. Other critical aspect of a setting includes weather, social/cultural context, surroundings, etc.
  • Character: A character is a person, animal, being, creature, or thing in a story. Characters are the doers /performers of actions in a story. They also deliver dialogues and move the plot of a story. Types of character: Major and minor. Significant characters are of two types- 
  • Protagonist: The story’s main character. The story revolves around this character. 
  • Antagonist: Opponent of the main character, often the story’s villain.
  • Minor characters move the story forward.
  • Theme: It is a universal idea, moral lesson, or central message of a story, for example,love, courage, loyalty, etc.
  • Plot: A plot is the sequence of events that make up a story, specifically how the story begins, unfolds in the middle, and moves in time to reach an end. Essential elements of a plot are:–
  • Exposition: Introduction of the story. Setting and characters are introduced along with the background.
  •  Conflict: Central problem. It serves as the focal point and driving force of a story. Conflict usually takes two forms, external and internal conflict. External conflict occurs between antagonist and protagonist. The internal conflict between self and character.
  • Rising action: The rising action builds on the tension and adds to the magnitude of the conflict. 
  • The climax is the highest point of tension or drama in a story. Tension finally reaches its breaking point. Also called as ‘turning point’ of a story.
  • Falling action: It moves towards closure of the conflict. Tension dips down. Characters work towards the solution.
  • Resolution: Conflict gets resolved at the end. The situation returned to normalcy.
  • Point of View: It refers to the perspective through which the readers experience the story’s events. Types of point of view-
  • First Person: Main character’s viewpoint. Use of pronouns such, I, we.
  • Second Person: Directly addresses the readers with the use of pronoun – you.
  • Third Person: Omniscient –The narrator shows the viewpoint of different characters.
  • Third Person: Limited- The narrator shows the view of one character. Use of pronouns—He, she, it.
  • Fourth Person: Use of pronouns such as ‘we’, as a collective group.
  • Tone: It refers to the ‘feel’ of a piece of writing. The tone could be serious, comical, formal, informal, sarcastic, etc.
Literature Elements


Related topics


Exploring the World of Adjectives: Types, Usage, and Examples

What are Parts of Speech? Parts of speech determine words’ grammatical and semantic position in a sentence. Activity time The parts of speech are nouns, adverbs, conjunctions, pronouns, interjections, adjectives, articles, prepositions, and verbs. Identify the parts of speech of the underlined words in the following sentences. White- Adjective Big- Adjective    Exciting- Adjectives New- […]

Memoir writing

Memoir Writing: Basic Elements, Structures, and Types

Memoir: A memoir is a narrative written from an author’s perspective about a particular facet of his/her own life. ‘Memoir’ word comes from the French word ‘memoire’, which means ‘memory’ or ‘reminiscence’. Example Night: Elie Wiesel gives an account of how he survived his teenage years at Auschwitz and Buchenwald concentration camps during World War […]

Identifying the main idea

Identification of Main Idea in Fiction and Non-fiction

Every story or paragraph or non-fictional text has at least one main idea. The MAIN IDEA is what the text is mostly about. (It is backed up or supported by SUPPORTING DETAILS) Before discussing how to find the main idea, we shall first look at TOPIC. Can you define a topic? A topic can be […]

Writing an Article

Writing an Article: Structure and Essential Tips

What is an article? Structure of Article Writing : Title : Draw the attention of readers with an attractive title and indicate the main topic of the article Introduction : Attract the reader’s attention with a sentence that gives a general presentation of the topic. Main Body : Between these sentences, the body should do […]


Other topics