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What are the Different Parts of Speech?

Grade 7
Jun 14, 2023

Grammar – Parts of Speech

Let’s learn the Parts of Speech.

What is an Article?

Article: A word that comes before a noun and helps define it.

Example: a, an, the

Articles indicate that a noun is a noun but are not words used to describe it.

For example, in the sentence “Jack bought a cat,” the article implies that the word cat is a noun. A report can also modify anything that acts as a noun, such as a pronoun or a noun phrase. Often a sentence needs an article before a noun to have grammatical meaning.



  1. I possess a bag.
  2. He let the door open.
  3. The French use Frenchie’s

Activity time

The parts of speech poem

Every name is called a noun,
As field and fountain, street and town.
In place of a noun, the pronoun stands,
As he and she can clap their hands.
The adjective describes a thing,
As a magic wand or bridal ring.
The verb means action, something done,
As read and write and jump and run.


How things are done the adverbs tell,
As quickly, slowly, badly, well.
The preposition shows relation,
As in the street or at the station.
Conjunctions join, in many ways,
Sentences, words, or phrase and phrase.
The interjection cries out, “Hark!
I need an exclamation mark!”


These are some of the words from the poem on parts of speech. Write the parts of speech for each of the words. The first one is done for you as an example.

  1. Hark                                         Interjection
  2. Quickly, slowly, badly _____________
  3. In, at  _____________
  4. He, she _____________
  5. Read, write, jump and run  _____________
  6. And, or, but   _____________
  7. Magic, bridal __________
  8. Field, fountain, street and town.  __________

Here Are the Answers!!!!

  1. Hark                                                     Interjection
  2. Quickly, slowly, badly                      Adverb
  3. In, at                                                    Prepositions
  4. He, she                                                Pronoun
  5. Read, write, jump and run             Verb
  6. And, or, but                                       Conjunction
  7. Magic, bridal                                     Adjective
  8. Field, fountain, street and town.  Noun

What is Part of Speech?

Parts of speech are one of the first grammar topics we learn in school or when we begin our English language learning process. Parts of speech can be words that play different roles in a sentence. Some parts of speech can perform the functions of other parts.

Parts of Speech Definition

The Oxford Learner’s Dictionary defines parts of speech as “one of the classes into which words are divided according to their grammar, such as noun, verb, adjective, etc.”

The Cambridge Dictionary also gives a similar definition – “One of the grammatical groups into which words are divided, such as noun, verb, and the adjective”.

Eight Different Types of Speech Parts and Their Use

I will introduce you to these sections of the address now.

These are the eight categories that exist:

  1. Noun
  2. Pronoun
  3. Adjective
  4. Verb
  5. Adverb
  6. Preposition
  7. Conjunction
  8. Interjection

1. Noun:

Nouns name people, places, animals, ideas, and things. Nouns can be divided into two main categories: common and proper nouns. Common nouns are general, such as bag, car, and stick, while appropriate nouns, such as Aiden, brown house, and sun, are more specific.


  • She bought a pink dress. (thing)
  • I have a pet. (animal)
  • Is this your box? (object)
  • Many people have a fear of darkness. (ideas/abstract nouns)
  • She is my sister. (person)
  • This is my home. (place)

2. Pronoun

When a noun is needed in a sentence, pronouns are the words that are employed to fill the gap. There are various pronoun categories. Reflexive pronouns, possessive pronouns, relative pronouns, and indefinite pronouns are a few of them. Some pronouns are I, he, she, it, them, his, yours, anyone, nobody, who, etc.


  • I reached school at nine in the morning. (1st person singular pronoun)
  • Did someone see a black box on the counter? (Indefinite pronoun)
  • Is this the girl who won the second prize? (Relative pronoun)
  • That is my dad. (Possessive pronoun)
  • I hurt myself yesterday when we were playing football. (Reflexive pronoun)

3. Verb:

Verbs in phrase words signify an action the noun or subject is carrying out. They’re also known as “action words.” To name a few, the verbs read, sit, run, pick, garnish, come, pitch, etc.


  • He plays cricket every day.
  • Jack and Nick are going to the movies.
  • My parents visited me last week.
  • Did you have your lunch?
  • My name is Kennedy Ruth.

4. Adverb

Adverbs provide a sentence’s verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs with more context. Adverbs can be categorised into five basic categories: adverbs of manner, adverbs of degree, adverbs of frequency, adverbs of time, and adverbs of place. Adverbs include words now, swiftly, randomly, early, 11 a.m., etc.


  • Did you come here to buy an Ice cream? (Adverb of place)
  • I did not go to the office yesterday as I was sick. (Adverb of time)
  • Sophie reads the newspaper every day. (Adverb of frequency)
  • Can you please come quickly? (Adverb of manner)
  • Samuel was so sleepy that he could hardly keep his eyes open during the meeting. (Adverb of degree)

5. Adjective:

In a sentence, adjectives describe or give additional details about the noun or topic. Adjectives include words like good, ugly, swift, lovely, late, etc.


  • The place we visited on Sunday was serene.
  • Have you noticed how large that dog was?
  • The current weather is good.
  • On your birthday, you looked beautiful in the pink
  • For breakfast, my brother just had one piece of bread.

6. Preposition

Prepositions are words that link one part of the sentence to another. Prepositions show the position of the object or subject in a sentence. Some examples of prepositions are in, out, besides, in front of, below, opposite, etc.


  • On the paper, the teacher instructed the students to create lines so they could write in straight lines.
  • The youngster kept his birthday presents hidden under his bed.
  • My mother taught me to visit the nearby grocery store.
  • Before we could get home, the burglars leapt over the wall and fled.

7. Conjunction:

Conjunctions are a type of word that join together two different clauses, phrases, or other components of a sentence. The conjunctions and, or, for, yet, although, because, not only, etc., are some instances.


  • Hailey and Quinn attended my birthday celebration.
  • Mateo missed school because he was ill.
  • You can only get good grades if you put in the effort.
  • I went out with my buddies despite not having done my project.

8. Interjection:

Words that are used to express ferocious emotions or feelings are called interjections. Oh, wow, alas, yippee, and other interjections are a few examples. There is usually an exclamation mark after it.


  • Wow! What an excellent work of art.
  • Alas! That is sad.
  • Yippee! We won the match.

We use parts of speech in everyday conversation and everyday life. Today you will understand that every syllable that comes out of your mouth is part of speech. Each word belongs to one of eight categories of parts of speech, depending on how it works and how it is used in a sentence.

Choose the appropriate part of speech from each of the following statements, and then write its actual name next to each sentence.

1. Owen lives in the washing town. [Noun]

A. ________________________________________

2. Did he find the book he was looking for? [Pronoun]

A. ________________________________________

3. I reached the office. [Verb]

A. ________________________________________

4. The milk is too hot. [Adverb]

A. ________________________________________

5. The game was terrific. [Adjective]

A. ________________________________________

6. The basket was kept under the table. [Preposition]

A. ________________________________________

7. I was resting all day but feeling very tired. [Conjunction]

A. ________________________________________

8. Oh! I forgot to turn off the gas. [Interjection]

A. ________________________________________


  1. Noun – Owen, Washing ton.
  2. Pronoun – He
  3. Verb – I reached
  4. Adverb – Too.
  5. Adjective – Terrific.
  6. Preposition – Under
  7. Conjunction – But
  8. Interjection – Oh!

Let’s see if you comprehend the components and purposes of communication. Try to determine which grammatical category the highlighted words fall under.

  1. My dad came home late.
  2. I am a good mom.
  3. This is the book I was looking for.
  4. Whoa! This is amazing.
  5. The climate in Alaska is delightful.
  6. Can you please pick up Asher and me on your way home?


  1. My – Pronoun, Home – Noun, late – Adverb
  2. Am – Verb, Good – Adjective
  3. I – Pronoun, was looking – Verb
  4. Whoa – Interjection, Amazing – Adjective
  5. Climate – Noun, In – Preposition, Alaska – Noun,
  6. And – Conjunction, On – Preposition, Your – Pronoun
Parts of speech


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