Need Help?

Get in touch with us


Persuasive Essay – Elements, Structure and Basic Steps to Write

Class 8
May 30, 2023

Persuasive Essay – Writers persuade the readers to accept his/her opinion or position regarding the main argument.

Modes of Persuasion or three elements of a persuasive essay

  • Ethos – the Greek word for ‘character’ or ‘spirit’ refers to how the authors present themselves. Writers show their credibility to the readers through their skills and goodwill to persuade a reader.
  • Logos – the Greek word for ‘logic’ or ‘rationale’ refers to the use of data, facts, and evidence by writers to persuade readers.
  • Pathos – the Greek word for ‘suffering’ or ‘experience’ refers to evoking emotions in readers to persuade them.

Structure (format) of a persuasive essay:

Heading or Title – Catchy to draw the attention of readers

– Not more than five to six words

Tips To Write Catchy Titles:

  • Use numbers
  • Appealing adjectives to connect emotionally with readers.
  • A clear indication to what readers will gain.
  • Use trigger words – Why, How, When
  • Example –If the topic is ‘bathing cats at home’- ‘Why I love Bathing Cats’/ ‘10 Unbelievable Ways of Bathing Cats’


  • Hook – The first sentence should capture readers’ interest with context-based anecdotes, quotations, or statistical data.
  • Background – Familiarize readers with the subject or the main argument.
  • Thesis statement – A simple, clear, and concise statement about the writer’s opinion/position on the argument. It defines a path that the writer will follow going ahead.
  • Example of thesis statement – Indonesians should add exercise to their morning routine not only to keep a check on their weight but also to reduce the risk of hypertension.

Body Paragraphs:

  • Three body paragraphs. One point per paragraph that supports the argument. It brings the readers closer to accepting the writer’s position.
  • Topic sentence – It is the first sentence of a body paragraph. Reflects the main idea or the central point. It links back to support the thesis statement.
  • Evidence – Information from credible sources/experts in the form of examples (testimony), facts, and statistical data. Evidence helps to build the position of the argument stronger.
  • Analysis and Interpretation – Personal analysis and interpretation based on the evidence links the essay coherently.


Sum up the main points of the writer’s argument briefly in a different way. It shouldn’t be a summary of the introduction.

  • The writer could conclude with a thought-provoking question for readers or could use imperative language to call for action.

Basic steps to writing a persuasive essay:

  • Select the topic wisely – Keep in mind the appealing factor of it – emotionally or logically. Easy access to information for research.
  • Know your readers
  • Who are you trying to persuade?Age group, personality traits. Example – Conservative and middle-aged
  • How will the chosen topic be relevant to them?
  • Generally, what views or opinions do they hold about the topic?
  • Choose a clear position on the argument or side of the argument
  • Research both sides of the argument – It helps to develop strong supporting evidence. Also, to counter the opposing side of the argument.
  • Outline the complete essay:

steps to writing a persuasive essay

  • Write the title and introduction
  • Write the body paragraphs
  • End the essay with an impactful conclusion
  • Proofread and edit wherever needed
Persuasive Essay


Related topics


Exploring the World of Adjectives: Types, Usage, and Examples

What are Parts of Speech? Parts of speech determine words’ grammatical and semantic position in a sentence. Activity time The parts of speech are nouns, adverbs, conjunctions, pronouns, interjections, adjectives, articles, prepositions, and verbs. Identify the parts of speech of the underlined words in the following sentences. White- Adjective Big- Adjective    Exciting- Adjectives New- […]

Memoir writing

Memoir Writing: Basic Elements, Structures, and Types

Memoir: A memoir is a narrative written from an author’s perspective about a particular facet of his/her own life. ‘Memoir’ word comes from the French word ‘memoire’, which means ‘memory’ or ‘reminiscence’. Example Night: Elie Wiesel gives an account of how he survived his teenage years at Auschwitz and Buchenwald concentration camps during World War […]

Identifying the main idea

Identification of Main Idea in Fiction and Non-fiction

Every story or paragraph or non-fictional text has at least one main idea. The MAIN IDEA is what the text is mostly about. (It is backed up or supported by SUPPORTING DETAILS) Before discussing how to find the main idea, we shall first look at TOPIC. Can you define a topic? A topic can be […]

Writing an Article

Writing an Article: Structure and Essential Tips

What is an article? Structure of Article Writing : Title : Draw the attention of readers with an attractive title and indicate the main topic of the article Introduction : Attract the reader’s attention with a sentence that gives a general presentation of the topic. Main Body : Between these sentences, the body should do […]


Other topics