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What is a Prose? What are the Uses of Prose?

Grade 4
Aug 3, 2023

What is Prose?

  • It is a verbal/written language.
  • It is how we communicate (write/speak/read and listen) every day. (We do not talk in poetry!)
  • So, prose has a natural flow of speech.
  • There is no specific format.
  • We use prose:
  • To describe facts
  • To discuss one’s thoughts
  • It is used in fiction and non-fiction

In Non-fiction:

  • Newspapers, magazines, encyclopedias, television, radio, letters, history, philosophy, biography, etc.

In Fiction:

  • Novels, short stories
  • In this section, we are focusing on fiction prose.

Fictional Prose:

  • It is a work of fiction.
  • It is not real and is created by a writer using his/her imagination.
  • It is used in short stories and novels.
  • It will have the following components: characters, plot, setting, conflict, and resolution.


  • Cinderella, Tom Sawyer, Harry Potter, The Hobbit, etc.
  • Now, let us learn about different things that make prose fiction beautiful and powerful. 

The Figure of Speech:

  • A word/phrase the writer uses to create a separate/special meaning from its actual definition.
  • I.e., the meaning is not direct/plain.
  • Figures of speech create a dramatic effect.
  • There are several types of figures of speech.
  • explore some of the common ones.

Imagery Using Visuals:

  • was white.
  • The winter made the grass, the green and brown leaves, become white.
  • The roof of the cottage was also coated with snow.
  • The brown trunks of the trees stood in contrast to the whole whiteness of the scene.

Imagery Using Taste:

  • Ryan regretted biting into the sour, sour lemon. His face told us how sour it was. He gave you the cringiest expression you will ever see.

Other examples:

  • The butterscotch cake exploded in their mouths with flavors of vanilla, creamy butter, and caramel.
  • The bitter gourd is called that name for a reason. You feel like your tongue is being punished if you do not like the bitter taste.

Imagery Using Touch:

  • The impact of the ball lifted Dennis from the ground.

(In this example, imagery describes the ball’s impact on the boy’s face.)

Imagery Using Sounds:

  • The soccer ball crashed the window into pieces!

(Here, sound imagery may not be so pleasing to hear.)

  • The Lion’s roar could be heard from miles away!

Imagery Using Scent:

  • Chef Wolowitz happily took in the aroma of his unique recipe – the ‘secret tomato soup.’


  • It is a figure of speech in which we give qualities of human beings (movements, voice, etc.) to non-human things. 
  • The Moon kept smiling at us.
  • My car is not feeling good. He is getting heated up. He is huffing and puffing all the time!

Metaphors and Similes:

Metaphors explicitly state a comparison:

  • Mark has the heart of a lion.
  • My life is an open book. 

Similes use the words ‘like’ or ‘as’ to compare things:

  • Layla runs like a cheetah.
  • My niece is as cute as a button.

Different Elements in Fiction Prose:

  • Character
  • Plot
  • Setting
  • Conflict
  • Resolution
  • understand with one example


  • They are people/creatures/plants that appear in the story.
  • The characters help the reader understand the story easily.
  • The story could have protagonists (heroes), antagonists (villains), and supporting characters.


  • It refers to the location and the time at which a tale takes place. 
  • The setting enables readers to comprehend the location and time of the story.


  • A story’s ideas or events make up the plot. 
  • Readers can comprehend what has transpired in a story because of the plot.


  • It is what drives the story’s events. 
  • Readers can comprehend why something happened in the story through conflict.


  • Following the climax, the resolution is the outcome or conclusion of the narrative. 
  • Readers will be able to comprehend how the ‘conflict’ led to the character development of characters.
  • It is due to the circumstances of conflict; that the resolution came to happen.


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