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Restrictive – Explanation, Types and Its Uses

Grade 7
Aug 29, 2022

Restrictive and No Restrictive Elements 

Relative clauses have two categories: 

  • Restrictive 
  • Non Restrictive
  1. Restrictive:  
  • Suppose you create a relative clause that is necessary in order to understand. It is called Restrictive. 
  • It restricts or limits the noun it is talking about. 
  • A restrictive clause is necessary to the meaning of the sentences. 
  • It doesn’t use any commas.  
  1. Non-restrictive:  
  • If you create a relative clause that is not necessary in order to understand but adds additional information, it is called Nonrestrictive. 
  • It doesn’t restrict or limit the noun it is talking about but adds additional info. 
  • Nonrestrictive is a clause that is not necessary but simply adds more information. 
  • Here commas are used. 

Use of  “That” : 

  • “That” always begins a restrictive clause. 
  • Don’t use commas to set off a relative clause that begins with “That”. 

Use of “Which” : 

  • “Which” typically begins a Non-restrictive clause. 
  • Typically, you will use commas to set off a relative clause that begins with “Which”. 

Use of “Who” : 

  • It always refers to people 
  • If you are referring to things, use ‘that’ or ‘which’ instead of ‘who’. 


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