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Writing – Source Citation and Plagiarism

Class 9
May 22, 2023
  • The issues with academic plagiarism have been present for centuries.
  • Plagiarism distorts the traceability of ideas, arguments, and results within the academic literature and withholds valuable resources for discovering related material.
  • Plagiarism is a term used to describe a practice involving taking and using another person’s work and claiming it, directly or indirectly, as your own.
  • Plagiarism exists when someone describes another’s thoughts or wording. This means that plagiarism does not necessarily have to be about textual similarity. It could just as well be a question of structural similarity or, for that matter, conceptual similarity.
  • Citations benefit anyone wanting to learn more about your ideas and their origins.
  • A “citation” is how you tell your readers that specific material in your work came from another source.
  • Citation styles are:
    • Modern Language Association (MLA) [used by the Humanities]
    • American Psychological Association (APA) [used by Education, Psychology, and Sciences]
    • CMS—The Chicago Manual of Style [used by Business, History, and the Fine Arts]
  • Plagiarism can be avoided by proper citation and referencing.
    • Quoting: Directly quoting an author or reference through quotation marks.
    • Paraphrasing: Rephrasing the ideas or text in your own words. Requires citation.
    • Summarizing: Covering the points of the original text needs a source.
    • Commenting: Quoting your own opinion about the actual ideas or text.


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