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Story writing: Formats and Structure Explained

Grade 5
Aug 4, 2023

Story Writing Format–Structure of writing a story:

1. Theme – Central message / moral of the story. It is inferred and not stated directly.

Common Themes:

  • Love 
  • Courage 
  • Perseverance 
  • Importance of Friendship 
  • Compassion
  • Teamwork

2. Character– A character can be a person, animal, or thing in a story.

Types of character

  • Major characters
  • Minor characters 

Major characters -Protagonist –Main character around which the story revolves.

Example-Harry Potter, Luke Skywalker     

Major characters -Antagonist –This character/these characters cause conflict for the protagonist.

Example – Captain James Hook, Darth Vader

Minor characters – Play an important part in a story, and move the story forward.


Character Traits:

  • Physical character traits- Dark, strong, weak, pretty, ugly, neat, tall, short
  • Personality character traits- Demanding, thoughtful, open-minded, friendly, shy, timid, adventurous, curious, pleasant, creative, popular
  • Value and beliefs character traits – Honest, brave, compassionate, loyal, humble

3. Setting – Place

Details to include:


Details to include

4. Conflict– Major type of conflicts in a story

  • Interpersonal conflict – Character vs. Character: When a conflict arises between two or more characters.
  • Internal conflict – Character vs. Self: When a character is conflicted with his/her own thoughts or has two contradictory thoughts/feelings and doesn’t know what to act on.

5. Plot – sequence of events in a story. There are six elements in a plot:

  • Exposition – Characters and setting introduction.
  • Conflict or problem.  
  • Rising Action – The main character is in crisis. The story gets complicated with multiple events.
  • Climax – Occurrence of a major event. Turning point. 
  • Falling Action – The story begins to slow down and move towards resolving the conflict.
  • Resolution – Resolves the conflict and the story ends.

6. Dialogue – It is the exchange of spoken words between two or more characters in a story.

Dialogue as a Tool:

  • It conveys important information about the characters or the plot to readers.
  • Helps writers to make their characters close to real-life people and show their traits.
Story Writing


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