1-646-564-2231

Convert Metric Units of Length

What is length?  

Length is the term used for identifying the size of an object or distance from one endpoint to another end object.  

OR 

Length is a measure of how long an object is or the distance between two points.  

Metric Unit of Length: In the metric system, the basic unit of length is meter. 

Vocabulary:  

The most common metric units of length are:

  • Kilometer  
  • Meter  
  • Centimeter 
  • Millimeter 

Note: – All of the other metric units of length are defined in terms of the meter.  

Let us understand the metric units of length, what they are in actual.  

Kilometer  

Kilometer is the biggest metric unit of measurement. 

The abbreviation for kilometer is ‘km’ 

1 kilometer is equal to 1000 meter 

1 kilometer length is the same which is about 2 ½ times around the track. 

Kilometer  

Meter  

It is the base unit of measurement. 

The abbreviation for meter is ‘m’ 

1 meter length is the same as the length of a guitar, the height of a chair.  

Meter  

Centimeter   

The abbreviation for centimeter is ‘cm’. 

1 clength is same like length of an ant, the length of a dice. 

Centimeter   

Millimeter   

The abbreviation for millimeter is ‘mm’. 

1 millimeter length is the same like the thickness of a paper. 

We can also understand 1 mm by thickness of a dot.

Millimeter   

 

Some basic customary unit of length and relation between

Some basic customary unit of length and relation between

Distance of Metric Units of Length (Approximate) 

  1. 1 kilometer length is the same that is about 2 ½ times around the track. 
  1. 1 meter length is the same as the length of a guitar, the height of a chair. 
  1. 1 centimeter length is the same as the length of an ant, the length of a dice
  1. 1 mm by thickness of a dot. 
1 mm
1 meter
1 centimeter

Conversion between the metric units

To convert larger unit to a smaller unit, we need to multiply. 

To convert a smaller unit to a larger unit, we need to divide. 

Conversion between the metric units

1. 7 m  = _____ cm. 

2. 6600 cm = _____m. 

3. 37 m = _____cm. 

4. 66 cm = ____mm. 

5. 5 ½ km = ___m. 

Solution:   

1. 1 m = 100 cm 
So, 7 m = 7 × 100 = 700 cm 

2. 1 m = 100 cm  or  100 cm = 1m 
So, 1 cm = 1 ÷ 100 m Now, for 6600 cm = 6600 ÷ 100 m = 66 m 

3. 1 m  = 100 cm
Now,  37 m = 37 × 100 = 3700 cm  

4. 1 cm= 10 mm           

66 cm = 66 × 10 = 660 mm

5. Since 1 km = 1000m              

So, 5 ½ km = 5 ½ × 1000 m 

= 5 ×  1000 + ½ ×  1000 

= 5500 m  

Examples

Example 1: Five books of height 7 cm 5 mm each are stacked over one another. What is the total height so obtained? 

Solution:  

Height of one book = 7 cm 5 mm 

So, the total height obtained for such 5 books = (7cm 5 mm) × 5 

      = 35 cm 25 mm    (But 10 mm = 1 cm) 

      = (35 cm  + 2 cm) and 5 mm 

      = 37 cm 5 mm  

Example 2: Mr. John bought a cloth of length 3890 cm. How much is the length in m and cm? 

Solution:  

Since, 1 m = 100 cm   or 100 cm = 1 m 

So, 1 cm = 1/100 m 

Now, 3890 cm = 3890 ÷ 100  

= 38 m 9 cm  

Concept Map

Concept Map

What have we learned

  • Identify metric units of length.
  • Use multiplication and division to determine metric units equivalencies
  • Perform arithmetic calculations on metric units of length.
  • Solve application problems involving units of length.

TESTIMONIALS

SIGNUP FOR A
FREE SESSION

    More Related
    TOPICS

    Find Common Denominators

    Key Concepts Equivalent fractions and common denominators Finding common denominators Introduction In this chapter, we will