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Types of Prepositions – Basic Rules and Combinations

Grade 6
Jun 9, 2023

Preposition– It is a word or group of words placed before a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to show relationships.

Types of Prepositions

  • Prepositions of Direction– It directs toward a place or location.
  • Prepositions of Time – It refers to one point in time and to extended time.

Prepositions of Spatial Relationship-It refers to ‘where’ the subject of the sentence is or ‘where’ the action is taking place

Prepositions of Direction

Prepositions of Direction

Prepositions of Time

Prepositions of Time

Prepositions of Spatial Relationship

Prepositions of Spatial Relationship


Prepositions of Spatial Relationship

Basic Rules of Prepositions

  • A preposition must have an object. Example –She is in the living room (object –living room).
  • A noun or pronoun (known as the object of the preposition) should always follow a preposition (living room –noun). Example –Shawn gave it to them (them –pronoun in objective form).
  • Prepositions– one word prepositions and complex prepositions (in spite of).
  • ‘To’ as preposition which is different from ‘to’ infinitive form. Example –I need to go to the market now. (use ‘to’ before a verb) is infinitive form.
  • A preposition can’t be followed by a verb.

Exception to the rule –If we want to follow a preposition by a verb, we must use-ing form which is a gerund or verb in noun form.

Example: I am used to staying up late at night.

He complained about the noise from the backyard.

She is searching for her cat.


Georgina must listen to her parents.

  • If a preposition and adjective to be used together, the preposition always comes directly after the adjective and followed by a noun or gerund.

Some common combinations –Verb +Preposition

Verb - Preposition

Some common combinations –Adjective +Preposition

Adjective  Preposition

Types of Prepositions


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